Theories of Learning

From World University and School Wiki

World University and School {in a virtual world}

Welcome to World University and School Wiki
which anyone can add to or edit.
The Global, Virtual/Digital, Open, Free, {potentially Degree- and Credit-Granting},
f Multilingual University & School
where anyone can teach or take a class or course

  • Add or take a free, open Theories of Learning course.

Select Courses[edit]

  • Add free, open Theories of Learning subjects below.


Add free, open Theories of Learning subjects Web Site Organization (if any) Degree / Non-degree Instructor's Name Location Other Info Language Tags
Learning and Memory: Activity-Controlled Gene Expression in the Nervous System MIT non-degree Dr. Sven Loebrich Browser Start anytime English Undergraduate
Reflective Practice: An Approach for Expanding Your Learning Frontiers MIT non-degree Prof. Ceasar McDowell, Claudia Canepa (Teaching Assistant), Sebastiao Ferriera Browser Start anytime English Graduate
Technologies for Creative Learning MIT non-degree Prof. Mitchel Resnick, Karen Brennan (Teaching Assistant) Browser Start anytime English Graduate
Course Name http:// non-degree Browser Start anytime English

WUaS Idea- and Academic Resources[edit]


Model things you'd like to teach; this is a very effective way to teach.

'See one, do one, teach one' in medical school training?

Play as learning ... research scientists play.

... learning as input-processing-output, using a computer-as-metaphor 'model,' especially in the context of playing (as learning) ... where one definition of a computer is an input-output device which runs code ...

iterativity / gradualism in any subject or area

problem solving

learn by doing ... via experience

Connect with your teachers ... connect with your learners ... connect in many ways, communicatively, vis-a-vis learning and loving this. Be nurturing, tender and open ...

Learning as practice is linguistically and culturally relative, e.g. the Japanese learn in ways that are different from Swedish people, which are different from ... people who speak some of the other 7,358 languages ...

How to rif on incredible MIT OCW for geat fun and free degrees? ... Wiki is one way ... ... and open WUaS, with free bachelor, Ph.D., law and M.D. planned is another, and via reading, imagination and thinking ... :) And the Music School at WUaS - - may become another ... Conference Method is another ... ...

nose in a book ... and Book buddies ...

What would be hippy approaches to learning? (

Home schooling?

Active participation in your local public school

Schooling within the tribe?

Learning from the land?

... and computer based, as well, e.g. in the "The Next Whole Earth Catalog" ...

"Starting January 1st, read a chapter per week and do the exercises. We will go through chapter 12. The first few chapters cover database basics and installing and connecting to MySQL, so if you cannot start exactly on January 1st, that’s fine. And you can do exercises ahead of time" - (

"... engagement, interactivity, learning by doing, and reflection that we know to be characteristics of learning" (Holford).

"The key principles used in designing DragonBox are: Students learn more when they are engaged. The most important factor to learning is feedback. Feedback should be immediate to be effective. To feel mastery is key to staying motivated. Students should be presented with challenges that match their level of mastery. Students should be assessed in a formative, non-intrusive way. A safe environment is the key to learning. Peer learning is very effective. Discovery or experiential learning is much more effective than instructional-based teaching. Students learn differently and at different paces. The language we use to teach mathematics is a barrier to understanding." (

Publish my article in a WUaS academic journal in this subject[edit]

Open Journal Systems. 2012. Open Journal Systems. Public Knowledge Project.

(WUaS's wiki, information technologies and criteria for this - informed by the WUaS academic journal subject matter - are developing, since you can already publish your article at or Research Gate - - or Spire - - for example); See Library Resources below at WUaS for further resources.

Q item in Wikidata[edit]

Select Analytics[edit]

Select Bibliographies[edit]

Select Blogs, Blog Aggregators[edit]

Select Book Groups, Study Groups, Musical Groups, etc.[edit]

Begin a Google + Hangout:

MIT UnHangouts -


Select Book Reviews[edit]

Carson, Stephen. 2012. Unlocking the Gates by Taylor Walsh. Vol. 76. Continuing Higher Education Review.

Paul, Annie Murphy. 2012. School of Hard Knocks: ‘How Children Succeed,’ by Paul Tough. August 23. New York, NY: New York Times Book Review.

Select Books[edit]

Select Calendars for Events in this Subject[edit]

Select Channels[edit]

Select Communities, Email lists, etc.[edit]

(See also editable World University and School's 'You at World University' page:

Select Conference Materials[edit]

Select Conferences Online[edit]

Select Conversations / Dialogues / Idea Competitions[edit]

Select Databases[edit]

Select Facts[edit]

Select Films[edit]

Select Film Reviews[edit]

Select Forums, Spaces, etc.[edit]

Select Funding Sources[edit]

Select Humor[edit]

Select Images, Infographics, etc.[edit]

Select Institutes, etc.[edit]

Select Interviews[edit]

Select Journals, Serials, etc.[edit]

Select Labs[edit]

Select Lectures[edit]

Select Libraries, Archives, Collections, Repositories, etc.[edit]

(See also editable World University and School's Library Resources' page:

Select Maps[edit]

Select Multimedia[edit]

Select Museums[edit]

(See also editable World University and School's Museums' page:

Select Newspapers, News[edit]

Select Office Hours[edit]

Select Papers[edit]

Select Photos[edit]

Select Poetry[edit]

Select Programs, Applications, Languages, Software[edit]

Select Questions, Inquiries, Problems, FAQs[edit]

Select Quotes, Quotations, etc.[edit]

"Learning results from what the student does and thinks and only from what the student does and thinks." —Herbert A. Simon (1916-2001)

"That erroneous assumption is to the effect that the aim of public education is to fill the young of the species with knowledge and awaken their intelligence, and so make them fit to discharge the duties of citizenship in an enlightened and independent manner. Nothing could be further from the truth.

"The aim of public education is not to spread enlightenment at all, it is simply to reduce as many individuals as possible to the same safe level, to breed and train a standardized citizenry, to put down dissent and originality. That is its aim in the United States, whatever the pretensions of politicians, pedagogues and other such mountebanks, and that is its aim everywhere else." - H L. Mencken

Select RSS Feeds, SMS, etc.[edit]

Select Recordings[edit]

Select References[edit]

Argyris, Chris. 1991. Teaching smart people how to learn. Cambridge, MA: Harvard business review.

Beck, Martha. 2014. 10 Life Lessons You Should Unlearn. July 12. .

Brennan, Karen. 2015. Beyond Right or Wrong: Challenges of IncludingCreative Design Activities in the Classroom. 23(3), 279-299. Jl. of Technology and Teacher Education.

Cohon, Jared. 20 . A Game Changer: The Open Learning Initiative. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Mellon University.

Cole, Andrew. 2014. The Birth of Theory. Princeton, NJ:

Corbin, Tarrant, and E.J. Lepke (ed.). 2012. Guide to Open Learning.

Green, Elizabeth. 2014. Why Do Americans Stink at Math?. July 23. New York, NY: New York Times Magazine.

MacLeod, Scott. 2014. Mouflon: far-reaching "2014 State of the Valley" talk by Sal Khan recently - fundraising, Pedagogy and the big picture, Sal's teaching to his young cousin is a good example of how YOU can teach on the web and at WUaS in any language, WUaS is looking forward to collaborating with Khan Academy, Google, The Gates Foundation and so many more philanthropic, entrepreneurial organizations, In what ways can WUaS explore and test ways in which Khan Academy pedagogical approaches will work in the developing world differentially in terms of culture and language, and from country to country, and especially vis-a-vis MIT OCW-centric High School, WUaS's free, online IB school first in United Nations' languages, and then possibly in large languages?. April 26. Canyon, CA:

McDonald, Glenn. 2015. Kids learn to write by teaching robots. March 7. San Francisco, CA: .

Markoff, John. 2014. Scientists See Promise in Deep-Learning Programs. November 23. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Menand, Louis. 2011. LIVE AND LEARN: Why we have college. JUNE 6. New York, NY: The New Yorker.

Negroponte, Nicholas. 2010. Nicholas Negroponte Welcomes India's $35 Tablet for Education. Cambridge, MA: OLPC//News.

Negroponte, Nicholas. 2012. “Why I hope kids in Ethiopia can teach us something profound about education.” by Nicholas Negroponte. September 13. Cambridge, MA:

Palfrey, John. 2012. Harvard Initiative on Learning and Teaching: Kick-Off. February 3. Cambridge, MA:

Resnick, Mitchel. 2007. All I Really Need to Know (About Creative Thinking) I Learned (By Studying How Children Learn) in Kindergarten. Cambridge, MA:

Reynolds, Gretchen. 2011. How Exercise Can Keep the Brain Fit. July 27. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Roth, Michael S. 2012. Learning as Freedom. September 5. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Sariñana, Joshua, Takashi Kitamura, Patrik Künzler, Lisa Sultzman, and Susumu Tonegawa. 2014. Differential roles of the dopamine 1-class receptors, D1R and D5R, in hippocampal dependent memory. Cambridge, MA:

Select Reviews[edit]

Select Search Engines[edit]

Select Simulations, Applets and Visualizations[edit]

Select Slideshows[edit]

Visser, Jan. 2015. BUILDING THE SCIENTIFIC MIND: A lifelong human development challenge. June 3. Online. International Society of Service Innovation Professionals, ISSIP.

Select Societies, Associations, Groups, Networks, etc.[edit]

Select Study Guides[edit]

Select Surveys[edit]

Select Syllabi[edit]

Select Teachers with Email Addresses/Contact Information[edit]

Select Tests, Exams, etc.[edit]

Select Textbooks[edit]

Select Theses, Dissertations, Papers, etc.[edit]

Select Timelines[edit]

Select Twitters[edit]

Select Video and Audio[edit]

Agarwal, Anant. 2014. Anant Agarwal: Why massive open online courses (still) matter. TEDx.

AsapSCIENCE in collaboration with Gregory Ciotti. 2012. The Science of Productivity. (Made in collaboration with Sparring Mind, the behavioral psychology blog. Read the full productivity post: AsapSCIENCE.

Cima, Michael. 2012. 3.091x Course Introduction to Solid State Chemistry. (At the 2 minute mark: "But the most important rule I use is that we don't actually teach anything. We help you discover something ... How do we help students discover solid state chemistry?"). Cambridge, MA: MITx.

Education Nation heads to Cambridge, Massachusetts to talk technology in the classroom at the MIT Media Lab. 2012. Education Nation heads to Cambridge, Massachusetts to talk technology in the classroom at the MIT Media Lab. September 13. Cambridge, MA: MIT Media Lab.

Exam asks students to apply critical thinking skills to real-life situations. 2014. Exam asks students to apply critical thinking skills to real-life situations. July 10. PBS NewsHour.

Huittinen, Erkki. 2008. Educational System of Finland part 1. (Presentation of the Educational System of Finland by the Ambassador of Finland in Greece Erkki Huittinen (in greek & english) followed by discussion. The event took place in Patras in May 2008. Παρουσίαση του Εκπαιδευτικού Συστήματος της Φιλανδίας στην Πάτρα με αφορμή και τα αποτελέσματα της διεθνούς έκθεσης PISA του ΟΟΣΑ. For more info: Patras, Greece: Stylianos Mystakidis Youtube Channel.

Is School Enough?. 2013. Is School Enough?. Cambridge, MA: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Khan, Sal and Ninive Clement Calegari (Interviewer). 2013. Sal Khan: Education Reimagined. September 19. San Francisco, CA: Commonwealth Club.

Khan, Sal. 2014. 2014 State of the Valley - Salman Khan Keynote Speech. Silicon Valley, CA: JointVentureSV Youtube channel.

MOOCs 101 (6 talks). 2014. MOOCs 101 (6 talks). (Simon Schocken, Anant Agarwal, Peter Norvig, Daphne Koller, Salman Khan, Richard Baraniuk). TEDx.

Martin, Erik. 2014. How World of Warcraft Saved Me and My Education-: Erik Martin at TEDxRedmond. Redmond, WA: TEDx.

Negroponte, Nicholas. 2012. Solve for X: Nicholas Negroponte on learning by themselves. Solve for X.

Nesson, Charles and Rebecca Nesson. 2006. Charles and Rebecca Nesson discuss CyberOne. Cambridge, MA: BerkmanCenter Youtube channel.

Norvig, Peter. 2013. Google I/O 2013 - Building an Online Education Platform using Google Technologies. May 18. Mountain View, CA: Google I/O.

Patton, Laurie. 2013. Integrative Learning @ Duke. Durham, NC: Duke University.

Reich, Justin. 2013. [ Personalized Learning, Backpacks Full of Cash, Rockstar Teachers, and MOOC Madness The Intersection of Technology, Free-Market Ideology, and Media Hype in U.S. Education Reform with Justin Reich, Berkman Center Fellow]. May 7. Cambridge, MA: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Reich, Justin. 2012. Will Free Benefit the Rich? How Free and Open Education Might Widen Digital Divides. January 17. Cambridge, MA: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Ross, Elizabeth, M., Neema Avashia, Jal Mehta, Kimberley Wynne. 2024. Human Schools and Deeper Learning. What's the Secret?: Examining how to transform K–12 public school systems into human-centered communities. March 21. Cambridge, MA:

Spiegel, Alix. 2013. Why Eastern And Western Cultures Tackle Learning Differently. September 02. NPR.

Select Video Conferences[edit]

Select Videocasts and Podcasts[edit]

Select Websites[edit]

Christensen, Chris. 2012. Case Method in Practice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School.

Marsalis, Wynton and Yo-Yo Ma. 2010. Guidelines for practicing a musical instrument.

Scott, Katie. 2011. Study: Young children play like scientists work. July 27.

Select Websites[edit]

Select Wikis[edit]

Select Writers, Researchers, etc.[edit]

Subject's Social Networking Sites[edit]


Wikimedia Commons[edit]

Wikimedia Commons:









World University and School Links[edit]

Assessment and Grading at WUaS as Part of Conversation in Learning:


Brain and Cognitive Sciences:

Comparing Educational Systems:

Conference Method of Teaching and Learning:



Digital Youth:


Educational Software:




One Laptop per Child:$100_Laptop_-_MIT



Practicing - Playing a Musical Instrument:


Proof of Educational Information Technologies' Effectiveness:




Theories of Learning:

Theorizing Cultural Change:

WUaS Navigation[edit]

New WUaS in MediaWiki:

Academic Advising at WUaS[edit]

Academic Press at World University and School[edit]

Academic Press at World University and School:

Access to Live, or Email, University Technical Expertise[edit]

Ask a question in a specific discipline, or find, for example, a Robotics' or Computer programmer, or Translator, easily and freely.

Additional Categories[edit]

Admissions at World University and School[edit]

Admissions' Department:

Flyer seeking degree-oriented, WUaS students: 'Quaker-informed World University & School seeks friendly, undergraduate students for free, online, Greatest Universities-centric, bachelor’s degrees to apply in the autumn of 2013, for matriculation in autumn 2014' - - and accessible here, also - WUaS holds open, electronically-mediated, hour-long, monthly business meeting on the second Saturdays at 9 am Pacific Time, in the manner of Quakers - email if you'd like to participate.

Digital and Print catalog

Assistive Technologies[edit]

WUaS plans to anticipate numerous developing assistive technologies for sight-impaired, hearing-impaired, and similar -

Assistive Technologies:

Blog at World University and School[edit]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at World University and School[edit]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at WUaS:

with educational electronics, as well; with musical instruments; value pricing ... 2% below market, consistently; available via mail and electronically;

Calendar (Schedule what you'd like to teach)[edit]


Join the World University and School Google + Group to add to its wiki-like calendar to teach an open, free class or course, converse about ideas, and jam (e.g. musically or theater improvisation): .


Career counseling:

Finding / creating a job you really love:

WUaS Job hunting:




Geodetic datums such as WGS84 or GPS

Geohash keys

... in a virtual world


Many thanks to each of you!

Please feel free to hyperlink your name to a location of your choice (or tell WUaS where to link to - Please do not hesitate to let WUaS know if you think that somebody (including yourself) has been forgotten, now or in the future; please include a URL, which is, of course, one main way identity created on the internet.

Digital To Do[edit]


Brainwave device / Headset

Broadcast to radio frequencies

Broadcast to TV / television

Create EMail group for page

Digital Text to Audio file format (Browse Aloud / Read Aloud?)

Google Glass

MIT OCW Mirror Site Instructions:

Oculus Rift


Publish to DVD


Send to phone




Free Degrees / Credit[edit]

MIT OCW Audio Video Courses:

Admissions at World University and School:

Conference Method of Teaching and Learning:

The College at World University and School:

Ph.D. Degrees at World University and School:

World University Law School:

World University Medical School:

World University Music School:

WUaS International Baccalaureate Diploma and Programme:
(beginning with United Nations' languages - Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Russian, Spanish)

In Google Earth[edit]

Google Earth.

In Virtual World[edit]

(Search on the word 'lists' here, too:

3D Learn. 2013.

Active Worlds Educational Universe (AWEDU). 2012.

Alice. 2012.

Minecraft. 2012.

Edusim. 2013.

Gifted 2013.

ISTE – SIGMS. 2013.

Kaneva. 2014.

Open Cobalt. 2013.

OpenSim. 2012. (

Open Croquet. 2012. and

Open Wonderland. 2012.

Primary Games. 2013.

Quest Atlantis. 2012. (

SimScience. 2012.

Second Life - Harvard's virtual island. 2012. - and teach, learn and share ideas - in group voice chat, or in group type chat, and via building.

SmallWorlds. 2014. 2014.

Twinity. 2014.

Unity3D. 2012.

WiloStar3D. 2013.

World of Warcraft in School. 2014.

Add a learning-oriented virtual world here:

Travel to this virtual island to learn building:

Item Number[edit]

Global ID and Multiple IDs - see

Bar code


Learning Networking[edit]

Teach and Learn using free Social Networking software to share what courses, etc., you find edifying, what you enjoy learning ....

About Me - World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School - ('This group may be archived').

Good Reads -

Google + Profiles - - Scott MacLeod -

Google + Profiles Company page - - World University and School -

Google Groups' World University and School -


LinkedIn's World University and School -

Quora -

Research Gate -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -

Wer Kennt Wen - World University and School -

World University & School 'subject page' group

World University & School Share This

Yahoo Groups' World University and School:

Linked Open Data[edit]

Linked Open Data, Linked Data for artificial intelligence and machine learning, with a focus on privacy and security.

List of Wikipedias[edit]

List of Wikipedias. 2015. List of Wikipedias. .

RSS Feed[edit]

Save this page for download in the following formats[edit]









TV-Live Broadcasting[edit]

Broadcast to television

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software to the web:

Google + Hangouts -

Justin TV -

Livestream TV -

MIT UnHangouts -

Ustream TV -

Video Communication[edit]

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software

Free video conferencing

iChat -

Skype -

Free, group video conferencing

AnyMeeting -

Google + Hangout - -

Meeting Burner - – up to 15 connection

ooVoo -

Paltalk -

sifonr - free communication -‎

Tokbox | OpenTok - API -

Vyew -

Web Huddle - - - Cloud HD Video Meetings -

Universal Translator at WUaS[edit]

Google Translate language:

Sugar Labs: Translation System language:


Select Translators

Babelxl. 2015. Babelxl: the best translator. .

Babylon Online Translation. 2015. Babylon Online Translation. (Offering hundreds of dictionaries and translation in more than 800 language pairs). . 2015. .

Google Translate. 2015. Google Translate. .

SDL Free Translation. 2015. SDL Free Translation. .

Word Lingo Free Translation Tools. 2015. Word Lingo Free Translation Tools and Machine Translation Products. .

Select Video with Subtitles for Translation 2015. Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified. (Amara makes video globally accessible: Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified).

TED Open Translation Project. 2015. TED Open Translation Project. (See - - and - .

The "Universitian" Newspaper at World University and School[edit]

The "Universitian" Newspaper at WUaS

Wiki Software for Courses[edit]

Media Wiki -

PB Works -

Wet Paint -

Wikia -

Wikispaces -

Wikidata / Bots[edit]

World University and School Licensing[edit]

World University and School - like Wikipedia with Greatest Universities' OpenCourseWare - incorporated as a nonprofit effective April 2010 and is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt, educational organization charity.

World University & School is a community of learners and teachers who value — and are themselves strengthened by — the rich diversity of its participants. In order to cultivate a flourishing teaching, learning and creating conversation in a diverse and complex world, WUaS welcomes all languages, students, families, faculty, board members, and staff with differences based on (but not limited to) race, color, ethnicity, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, family structure, and economic background.

All content on this site is freely available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) - .

Admissions' Department:
Library Resources:
Nation States:
You at World University:
Educational Software:
Hardware Resource Possibilities:
Frequently Asked Questions at World University & School:
World University Foundation:


Volunteers at World University and School:

For questions, or help editing a page, email:

WUaS's listing - .

Please donate through PayPal to tax-exempt - 501 (c) (3) - World University and School at
Thank you!