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Welcome to World University and School Wiki
which anyone can add to or edit.
The Global, Virtual/Digital, Open, Free, {potentially Degree- and Credit-Granting},
Multilingual University & School
where anyone can teach or take a class or course

  • Add or take a free, open Primatology course.


  • Add free, open Primatology subjects below.


Add free, open Primatology subjects Web Site Organization (if any) Degree / Non-degree Instructor's Name Location Other Info Language Tags
Advanced Animal Behavior MIT non-degree Prof. Gerald Schneider Browser Start anytime English Graduate
Primate Behavior Notre Dame non-degree Professor Agustín Fuentes Browser Start anytime English Undergraduate
Zoo Med: Primate Medicine Tufts non-degree Keith Mansfield, D.V.M., Hayley Weston-Murphy, D.V.M. Browser Start anytime English Veterinary Medicine
Course's Name http:// non-degree Browser Start anytime English

WUaS Idea- and Academic Resources[edit]


I'm curious both about an 'ecology of attention,' (where ecology refers to what is examined in, for example, this textbook: Elements of Ecology (8th Edition) - see, too, Ecology: with implications for humans as primates ... and for psychiatry, psychology, as well as psychotherapy, within the family in particular, as well as an ecology of sociocultural processes, such as, for example, the effects of Quaker socioculture, as one of millions of 'sociocultural processes' and their effects, in modernity, - on neurophysiology, and, in terms of 'troopbondage' (see John Money 1988) - vis-a-vis other groups (e.g. city hall folks in S.F., tourists, GLBTQ, the Chinese American community, homeless people, musical groups, etc., as human primates), - both of which may make interesting, WUaS, wiki, Subject pages in the future.

Publish my article in a WUaS academic journal in this subject[edit]

Open Journal Systems. 2012. Open Journal Systems. Public Knowledge Project.

(WUaS's wiki, information technologies and criteria for this - informed by the WUaS academic journal subject matter - are developing, since you can already publish your article at or Research Gate - - or Spire - - for example); See Library Resources below at WUaS for further resources.

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Select Bibliographies[edit]

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Primatology Publications. 2011-1998. Publications. Leipzig, Germany: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

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Best primatology blogs. 2011. 20 Best Blogs for Primatology Students. (

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Jenkins, Steve. 2011. Jane Goodall’s Childhood Fascinations. May 12. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Lewis, Susan K. 2010. What We're Reading: Bonobo Handshake. May 25. PBS.

Nolan, Abby McGanney. 2105. Jane Goodall book reveals a lifetime of discovery with Africa’s chimpanzees: ’Untamed’ features dozens of colorful images and engaging stories of the famous scientist.. Washington DC: .

Ridley, Mark. 1996. DEMONIC MALES: Apes and the Origins of Human Violence. October 27. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Somit, Albert. 1990. Humans, Chimps, and Bonobos. The Biological Bases of Aggression, War, and Peacemaking. (). Review of 3 books. Vol. 34, No. 3 (Sep., 1990), pp. 553-582. The Journal of Conflict Resolution.

Select Books[edit]

Campbell, Christina J., Agustín Fuentes, Katherine C. MacKinnon, Melissa Panger, and Simon K. Bearder (eds.). 2006. Primates in Perspective. Oxford University Press.

Gomez, Juan Carlos. 2006. Apes, Monkeys, Children, and the Growth of Mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Goodall, Jane. 1986. The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior. (illus.) Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.

Goodall, Jane and Phillip Berman. 2000. Reason for Hope: A Spiritual Journey. Grand Central Publishing.

Fouts, Roger S. & Mills, Stephen Tukel. 1997. Next of Kin: My Conversations with Chimpanzees. William Morrow.

Hrdy, Sarah Blaffer. 1999. The Woman That Never Evolved: With a New Preface and Bibliographical Updates, Revised Edition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

King, Barbara J. 2007. Evolving God: A Provocative View on the Origins of Religion. Doubleday Religion.

Matsuzawa, Tetsuro; Humle, Tatyana; Sugiyama, Yukimaru (Eds.). 2011. The Chimpanzees of Bossou and Nimba. Springer Primatology Monographs.

Muller, Martin N. and Richard W. Wrangham. 2009. Sexual Coercion in Primates and Humans: An Evolutionary Perspective on Male Aggression Against Females. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

de Waal, Frans. 2009. Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved. (Edited by Stephen Macedo & Josiah Ober). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

de Waal, Frans B. M. and by Frans Lanting (illus.). 1997. Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Woods, Vanessa. 2010. Bonobo Handshake: A Memoir of Love and Adventure in the Congo. ( Gotham.

Washburn , David A., Duane M. Rumbaugh (eds.). 2006. Primate Perspectives on Behavior And Cognition. Amer Psychological Assn.

Wrangham, Richard and Dale Peterson. 1996. Demonic Males: Apes and the Origins of Human Violence. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

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Marsh, James. 2011. Project Nim. Red Box Films, Passion Pictures, BBC Films.

Patterson, Penny. 1999. A Conversation with Koko. (VHS). (See Youtube video below). New York, NY: Nature Video Library/Thirteen/WNET.

Schroeder, Barbet. 1978. Koko: A Talking Gorilla. (with Dr. Penny Patterson). France: Criterion Collection.

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Comparative Cognition Lab. 2013. Comparative Cognition Lab. ( New Haven, CT: Yale University.

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Gutgesell, Volker. 2011. Ape close and personal: Stunning images which capture primates at their most unguarded. London, UK: The Daily Mail.

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Alcayna-Stevens, Lys. 2013. 'In the Shadow of Man': An Exploration of Pan-Human Perspectives in a Catalonian Chimpanzee Sanctuary.

Bartlett, Roscoe G. 2011. Stop Using Chimps as Guinea Pigs. August 10. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Bhando, Sindya N. 2013. Milk of Human Kindness Also Found in Bonobos. January 7. New York, NY: The New York Times.

CALAMUR, KRISHNADEV. 2015. N.Y. Judge Grants Legal Rights To 2 Research Chimps. APRIL 21. .

Callaway, Ewen. 2012. 'Hippie chimp' genome sequenced. June 13. Nature.

Chimpanzees Successfully Play the Ultimatum Game: Apes' Sense of Fairness Confirmed. 2013. Chimpanzees Successfully Play the Ultimatum Game: Apes' Sense of Fairness Confirmed. January 14. Science Daily.

Egan, L., Bloom, P., & Santos, L. R. (2010). Choice-induced preferences in the absence of choice: Evidence from a blind two-choice paradigm with young children and capuchin monkeys. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46. 204-207.

Fuentes, Agustín. 2010. Session 10: The Chimpanzees. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame.

Gorman, James. 2013. Changing Perspectives Propel Chimp Protections. June 15. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Gorman, James. 2011. Chimps’ Days in Labs May Be Dwindling. November 14. New York, NY: The New York Times.

The Great Apes. 2005. The Great Apes. Cambridge, MA: .

Hambleton, Laura. 2011. Primatologist Jane Goodall, 77, talks about how chimps and humans age. December 5. Washington, DC: The Washington Post.

Johnson, Eric Michael. 2011. Frans de Waal on Political Apes, Science Communication, and Building a Cooperative Society. July 11.

Johnson, Eric Michael. 2012. The Good Fight: Prominent scientists are in a bitter struggle over the origins of kindness. But the root of this conflict may be the most ironic part of all.. July 9. (The Primate Diaries: Notes on science, politics, and history from a primate in the human zoo.). .

Lakshminarayanan, V., Chen, M. K., & Santos, L. R. (2011). The evolution of decision-making under risk: Framing effects in monkey risk preferences. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47. 689-693.

Lakshminarayanan, V. & Santos, L. R. (2008). Capuchin monkeys are sensitive to others? welfare. Current Biology, 18. R999-R1000.

Mackinnon, K and 4 others. 2014. Code of Best Practices for Field Primatology. .

Mahajan, N., Martinez, M., Gutierrez, N., Diesendruck, G., Banaji, M., & Santos, L. R. 2011. The evolution of intergroup bias: Perception and attitudes in rhesus macaques. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100(3). 387-405.

McCarthy, Maureen. 2012. Chimps in Uganda: Two weeks and counting. September 10. Scientific American.

Neuman, Scott. 2014. Killing Comes Naturally To Chimps, Scientists Say. ("In observing bonobos (the closely related but less-violent cousins of chimpanzees), Wrangham observed peaceful communities based on a power-sharing arrangement between males and females. Chimps, by contrast, live in patriarchal groups where dominant males run roughshod over compliant females. ... The reason for the difference, he concludes, is sex selection. Female chimps select aggressive males as mates; female bonobos don't"). Sept. 22. .

Nowak, Katarzyna. 2013. Mangrove and Peat Swamp Forests: Refuge Habitats for Primates and Felids. Princeton, N.J.:

Phillips, W., Shankar, M., & Santos, L. R. (2010). Essentialism in the absence of language? Evidence from rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Developmental Science, 13(4). F1-F7.

Popova, Maria. 2015. Jane Goodall Tells Her Remarkable Life-Story, Animated: How, in the midst of twentieth-century patriarchy, a young woman without so much as a university degree forever changed the course of modern science.. Brooklyn, NY: .

rhettb. 2012. Unusual Discovery of New African Monkey Species. September 14.

Ritvo, Harriet. 2010. Things to think about: Primatology Cambridge, MA: MIT Open Course Ware.

sciencehabit. 2014. Chimpanzee "Personhood" Is Back In Court. October 08.

sciencehabit. 2013. Lawsuits Seek To Turn Chimpanzees Into Legal Persons. December 02. .

Stumpf. R. 2007. Chimpanzees and Bonobos: Diversity within and between species (Chapter 19 in Primates in Perspective. 2007. J. Campbell. A. Fuentes. K.C. McKinnon. M. Panger. S.K. Bearder). Oxford University Press.

vikingpower. 2011. NIH Restricts Use of Chimpanzees in Labs. December 16.

de Waal, Frans. 2010. Frans de Waal on the human primate: Strength is weakness. July 22.

Wilson, Michael L., Christophe Boesch, Barbara Fruth, Takeshi Furuichi, Ian C. Gilby, Chie Hashimoto, Catherine L. Hobaiter, Gottfried Hohmann, Noriko Itoh, Kathelijne Koops, Julia N. Lloyd, Tetsuro Matsuzawa, John C. Mitani, Deus C. Mjungu, David Morgan, Martin N. Muller, Roger Mundry, Michio Nakamura, Jill Pruetz, Anne E. Pusey, Julia Riedel, Crickette Sanz, Anne M. Schel, Nicole Simmons, Michel Waller, David P. Watts, Frances White, Roman M. Wittig, Klaus Zuberbuehler, and Richard W. Wrangham. 2014. Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts. .

Yirka, Bob. 2012. New research suggests apes have human-like personalities. May 28.

Apes and Sign Language

Cohen, Jon. 2010. Boxed About the Ears, Ape Language Research Field Is Still Standing. April 2, Vol. 328 no. 5974 pp. 38-39. Science.

Fouts, Roger S. 1973. Acquisition and testing of gestural signs in four young chimpanzees. (180, pp. 978-980). Science.

Fouts, Roger S.; Fouts, Deborah H. & Waters, G. 2002. The ethics and efficacy of biomedical research in chimpanzees with special regard to HIV research. (in A. Fuentes & L. Wolfe, Primates face to face: Conservation implications of human-nonhuman primate interconnections, pp. 45-60). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

King, Mary-Claire. 1973. Protein polymorphisms in chimpanzee and human evolution. (Doctoral dissertation). Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley.

Bonobo chimpanzee (Pan paniscus)

Dreifus, Claudia. 2011. A Conversation With Brian Hare and Vanessa Woods: Why Bonobos Don’t Kill Each Other. July 5. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Hare, Brian. 2010. Bonobo Bliss. Mar 19. Living on Earth

Lang, Kristina Cawthon. 2005. Bonobo - Pan paniscus. Madison, WI: Primate Info Net.

de Waal, Frans B. M. 1999. Bonobo, Sex and Society. In Sussman, Robert W. Biological Basis of Behavior: Critical Review (2nd ed.). Pp. 114 - 120. Pearson / Prentice Hall.

Common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)

Biro, Dora, Tatyana Humle, Kathelijne Koops, Claudia Sousa, Misato Hayashi and Tetsuro Matsuzawa. 2010?. Chimpanzeemothers at Bossou, Guinea carry themummifed remains of their dead infants. Vol 20 No 8. Current Biology.

Georgiev, A. V., A. F. Russell, M. Emery Thompson, E. Otali, M. N. Muller, R. W. Wrangham. 2014. The Foraging Costs of Mating Effort in Male Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii). Chicago, IL: .

KOOPS, KATHELIJNE, CASPAR SCHÖNING, WILLIAM C. MCGREW AND TETSURO MATSUZAWA. 2014. Chimpanzees Prey on Army Ants at Seringbara, Nimba Mountains, Guinea:Predation Patterns and Tool Use Characteristics. .

KOSKI, SONJA E., KATHELIJNE KOOPS, AND ELISABETH H.M. STERCK. 2007. Reconciliation, Relationship Quality, and Postconflict Anxiety: Testing the Integrated Hypothesisin Captive Chimpanzees. 69:1–15. American Journal of Primatology.

Lang, Kristina Cawthon. 2005. Chimpanzee - Pan troglodytes. Madison, WI: Primate Info Net.

McGrew, William C. 2010. Evolution: Chimpanzee Technology. Science 30 April 2010: Vol. 328. no. 5978, pp. 579 - 580, DOI: 10.1126/science.1187921. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science.

KOOPS, KATHELIJNE, TATYANA HUMLE, ELISABETH H. M. STERCK, AND TETSURO MATSUZAWA. 2007. Ground-Nesting by the Chimpanzees of the NimbaMountains, Guinea: Environmentally or Socially Determined?. 69:1–13. American Journal of Primatology.

Koops, Kathelijne, William C. McGrew, and Tetsuro Matsuzawa. 2010. Do chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use cleavers and anvils to fracture Treculia africana fruits? Preliminary data on a new form of percussive technology. 51:175–178. Primates.

Koops, Kathelijne, William C. McGrew, Han de Vries, Tetsuro Matsuzawa. 2012. [Nest-building by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Seringbara, Nimba Mountains: Anti-predation, thermoregulation and anti-vector hypotheses]. 33:356–380. Int J Primatol.

Kathelijne Koops, William C. McGrew, Tetsuro Matsuzawa, and Leslie A. Knapp. 2012. Terrestrial Nest-Building by Wild Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Implications for the Tree-to-Ground SleepTransition in Early Hominins. 148:351–361. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY.

MOEBIUS, YASMIN, CHRISTOPHE BOESCH, KATHELIJNE KOOPS, TETSURO MATSUZAWA, TATYANA HUMLE. 2008. Cultural differences in army ant predation by West Africanchimpanzees? A comparative study of microecological variables. 76: 37-45 ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR.

Swanson MD, Wendy Sue. 2015. All primates may feel similarly about drones & privacy. Watch this gif of a chimp instinctively taking down a drone Seattle, WA: .

Tierney, John. 2010. When It Comes to Sex, Chimps Need Help, Too. May 3. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Viegas, Jennifer. 2010. Chimps Engage in 'War' for Turf. JUN 21.

Wade, Nicholas. 2010. Chimps, Too, Wage War and Annex Rival Territory. June 21. New York, NY: The New York Times.

'Common Chimpanzee War, Aggression, Violence'

de Waal, Frans B. M. 1992. Aggression as a Well-Integrated Part of Primate Social Relationships: A Critique of the Seville Statement on Violence. (Chapter 2 in "Aggression and Peacefulness in Humans and Other Primates" edited by James Silverberg, J. Patrick Gray). Oxford, USA: Oxford University Press. Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Mariko , Richard W. Byrne, Hiroyuki Takasaki, Jennifer M.E. Byrne. 1986. [Aggression toward Large Carnivores by Wild Chimpanzees of Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania]. Folia Primatologica - International Journal of Primatology.

Killer instincts. 2010. Killer instincts: Like humans, chimpanzees can engage in guerrilla warfare with their neighbours. As with humans, the prize is more land. June 24. The Economist.

Mitani, John C., David P. Watts, and Sylvia J. Amsler. 2010. Lethal intergroup aggression leads to territorial expansion in wild chimpanzees. Volume 20, Issue 12, R507-R508, 22 June. Current Biology.

Wilson, Michael L., Richard W. Wrangham. 2003. INTERGROUP RELATIONS IN CHIMPANZEES. 32:363–92. Annu. Rev. Anthropol.

Comparative Studies of Pan paniscus and Pan troglodytes

Savage-Rumbaugh, E. Sue, and Beverly J. Wilkerson. 1978. Socio-sexual behavior in Pan paniscus and Pan troglodytes: A comparative study. Volume 7, Issue 4, May 1978, Pages 327-344. Journal of Human Evolution

Culture and Chimpanzees

Bradshaw. G. A. 2010. An Ape Among Many: Animal Co-Authorship and Trans-species Epistemic Authority. 2010, 18:15–30. Configurations.

Bradshaw. G. A. 2010. We, Matata: Bicultural Living among Apes,” Spring: 83: 163–184.. A Journal of Archetype and Culture.

Savage-Rumbaugh, Sue, Kanzi Wamba, Panbanisha Wamba, and Nyota Wamba. 2007. Welfare of Apes in Captive Environments: Comments On, and By, a Specific Group of Apes. 10(1), 7–19. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science/Lawrence Erlbaum.

Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri)

Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata)

Suzuki, Akira. 1963. An ecological study of wild Japanese monkeys in snowy areas - Focused on Their Food Habits. Volume 6, Number 1, 31-72. SpringerLink.

"In Shiga Heights in central Japan, the macaques enter and remain in hot springs in the winter, probably to regulate their body temperature behaviorally (Hori et al. 1977)."

Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei)

Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)

Fossey, Diane. 1983. Gorillas in the Mist. Mariner Books.

Human (Homo sapiens)

Primates: Apes, monkeys, and you. 2010. Primates: Apes, monkeys, and you. Berkeley, CA: UC Berkeley.

Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata)

Suzuki, Akira. 1963. An ecological study of wild Japanese monkeys in snowy areas - Focused on Their Food Habits. Volume 6, Number 1, 31-72. SpringerLink.

"In Shiga Heights in central Japan, the macaques enter and remain in hot springs in the winter, probably to regulate their body temperature behaviorally (Hori et al. 1977)."

Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus and Pongo abelii)

Galdikas, Birute M. F. 1996. Reflections of Eden: My Years with the Orangutans of Borneo. Back Bay Books.

Singer, Peter. 2001. Heavy Petting. - Nerve.

Primates and Experiments

Chimpanzees and Bonobos May Reveal Clues to Evolution of Favor Exchange in Humans. 2012. Chimpanzees and Bonobos May Reveal Clues to Evolution of Favor Exchange in Humans. Nov. 20.

Chimpanzees in Laboratories. 2013. Chimpanzees in Laboratories.

Dreifus, Claudia. 2010. Why Bonobos Don’t Kill Each Other. July 5. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Kanzi. 2013. Kanzi.

Knight, Andrew. 2007. Chimpanzee experiments: Questionable contributions to biomedical progress. Tokyo, Japan: AATEX 14, Special Issue, 119-124. Proc. 6th World Congress on Alternatives & Animal Use in the Life Sciences.

Rosati, Alexandra G. and Brian Hare. 2013. Chimpanzees and Bonobos Exhibit Emotional Responses to Decision Outcomes.

'To be added

Select Reviews[edit]

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Select Teachers with Email Addresses/Contact Information[edit]

Santos, Laurie R. 2013. Laurie R. Santos. ( ). New Haven, CT: Yale University.

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Select Textbooks[edit]

Strier, Karen B. 2006. Primate Behavioral Ecology (3rd ed.). Allyn & Bacon.

Select Theses, Dissertations, Papers, etc.[edit]

Varsava, Nina Britt. 2007. Talking apes: the problem of anthropomorphous animals. Alberta, CA: University of Alberta.

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Select Twitters[edit]

Darwin Monkey. 2013. Darwin Monkey. Edinburgh, UK:

Select Video and Audio[edit]

Ape Genius. 2011. Ape Genius. PBS Nova.

Clever Monkeys. 2011. Clever Monkeys. PBS Nova.

Dobbs, David. 2013. What Makes Us Who We Are? The Promise (and Perils) of Behavioral Genetics. New Haven, CT: Yale University.

Goodall, Jane. 2002. Jane Goodall: What separates us from chimpanzees?. Monterey, CA:

J.K. Rowling's Harvard commencement speech to be issued as book. 2014. J.K. Rowling's Harvard commencement speech to be issued as book. December 2. Cambridge, MA: .

Morris, Desmond. 2009. Desmond Morris on the Aquatic Ape Hypothesis. ( London, England: BBC Knowledge.

de Waal, Frans. 2011. Frans de Waal: Moral behavior in animals. November. TED Talk.

Wallace, Danny. 2006. Chimps Are People, Too - Part 1. London, UK: BBC.

Wallace, Danny. 2006. Chimps Are People, Too - Part 1. London, UK: BBC.

Bonobo chimpanzee (Pan paniscus)

Behncke, Isabel. 2011. Isabel Behncke: Evolution's gift of play, from bonobo apes to humans. March. Monterey, CA: TED Talks.

Bonobo Sexual Behavior. 2001. BONOBO SEXUAL BEHAVIOR.

Harris, Dan. 2008. Bonobo chimps on Nightline having sex aka conflict resolution!. ABC Nightline - Into the Wild

Naish, Darren. 2009. Zihlman's 'pygmy chimpanzee hypothesis'. ("Several bonobo-chimp hybrids were born in a circus in Belgium"). November 25. Science Blogs.

Psychology Teacher. 2009. Savage-Rumbaugh core study.

Santos, Laurie. 2013. Laurie Santos: Experimental Psychologist - Q&A with Laurie. PBS.

Savage-Rumbaugh, Sue. 2004. Apes that write, start fires and play Pac-Man. Monterey, CA: TED Talks.

Savage-Rumbaugh, Sue. 2013?What Bonobos Can Teach Us. (At Great Ape Trust, TIME 100 honoree Dr. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh studies the cognitive development of bonobos, perhaps humankind's closest relatives).

Tehinfidel. 2010. Bonobos: Language Recognition, Play.

Common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)

Attenborough, David. 2008. Violent chimpanzee attack - Planet Earth - BBC wildlife. Britain: Planet Earth - BBC wildlife.

Goodall, Jane. 2011. Dr Jane Goodall on chimps, humans and happiness. June 7. (Audio). Australia:

Goodall, Jane. 2010. Jane Goodall: A Retrospective. National Geographic.

Goodall, Jane. 1976. Jane Goodalls Wild Chimpanzees pt1.

Goodall, Jane. 1976. Jane Goodalls Wild Chimpanzees pt2.

Goodall, Jane. 1976. [Jane Goodalls Wild Chimpanzees pt3].

Pitu23. 2010. Chimp Fight For Sex. Bush Gardens.

This Is Wy You Do Not Fly Your Drone Around Chimpanzees. 2015. This Is Wy You Do Not Fly Your Drone Around Chimpanzees. (See too: and .

Van Lawick, Hugo. 1976. People of the Forest The Chimps of Gombe pt1.

Van Lawick, Hugo. 1976. People of the Forest The Chimps of Gombe pt2.

Van Lawick, Hugo. 1976. [ People of the Forest The Chimps of Gombe pt3].

Van Lawick, Hugo. 1976. [ People of the Forest The Chimps of Gombe pt4].

'Common Chimpanzee War, Aggression, Violence'

The cannibalism of the chimpanzee. 2009. The cannibalism of the chimpanzee. (In Japanese). YouTube.

Gang of Chimps Attack and Kill a Lone Chimp. 2010. Gang of Chimps Attack and Kill a Lone Chimp. Youtube.

Goodall, Jane. 1984. JANE GOODALL: AMONG THE WILD CHIMPANZEES 3 OF 3. (Flo dies here, and Jane also talks about chimp violence: male war and female 'killing'). Tanzania: National Geographic.

Weird, True and Freaky : Chimpanzee Cannibalism. 2009. Weird, True and Freaky : Chimpanzee Cannibalism. AnimalPlanetTV.

Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri)

Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei)

Aleutian Dream. 2011. Touched by a Wild Mountain Gorilla (small version). Bwindi, Uganda: Bwindi National Park.

Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)

Patterson, Penny. 2008. Koko Loves: Conversations with a Signing Gorilla. Stanford, CA: Research Channel.

Human (Homo sapiens)

Ramirez, Janina. 2013. The Hundred Years War - Episode 1: Trouble In The Family (History Documentary). Oxford, England: All History Buff Youtube channel.

Wilson, E.O. 1998. Integrated Science and The Coming Century of The Environment. ( 27 March: Vol. 279. no. 5359, pp. 2048 - 2049. Science.

Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus and Pongo abelii)

Attenborough, David. 2008. Attenborough: Amazing DIY Orangutans - BBC Earth. London, England: BBC Earth.

Buccaz. 2010. Orangutans Sex Fails. San Diego, CA: San Diego Zoo.

Jaws and Claws. 2008. Jaws and Claws 2: Orangutan Conflict. Animal Planet Video.

Wilkins, Gordon. 2009. Orangutans Having Sex at the National Zoo. National Zoo.

Rhesus Monkeys

Select Video Conferences[edit]

Select Videocasts and Podcasts[edit]

Select Websites[edit]

European Federation for Primatology. 2013. E.F.P. - European Federation for Primatology. Italy: European Federation for Primatology.

Wisconsin Primate Research Center (WPRC) Library Primate Info Net. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin-Madison.

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Admissions' Department:

Flyer seeking degree-oriented, WUaS students: 'Quaker-informed World University & School seeks friendly, undergraduate students for free, online, Greatest Universities-centric, bachelor’s degrees to apply in the autumn of 2013, for matriculation in autumn 2014' - - and accessible here, also - WUaS holds open, electronically-mediated, hour-long, monthly business meeting on the second Saturdays at 9 am Pacific Time, in the manner of Quakers - email if you'd like to participate.

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Blog at World University and School[edit]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at World University and School[edit]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at WUaS:

with educational electronics, as well; with musical instruments; value pricing ... 2% below market, consistently; available via mail and electronically;

Calendar (Schedule what you'd like to teach)[edit]


Join the World University and School Google + Group to add to its wiki-like calendar to teach an open, free class or course, converse about ideas, and jam (e.g. musically or theater improvisation): .


Career counseling:

Finding / creating a job you really love:

WUaS Job hunting:




Geodetic datums such as WGS84 or GPS

Geohash keys

... in a virtual world


Many thanks to each of you!

Please feel free to hyperlink your name to a location of your choice (or tell WUaS where to link to - Please do not hesitate to let WUaS know if you think that somebody (including yourself) has been forgotten, now or in the future; please include a URL, which is, of course, one main way identity created on the internet.

Digital To Do[edit]


Brainwave device / Headset

Broadcast to radio frequencies

Broadcast to TV / television

Create EMail group for page

Digital Text to Audio file format (Browse Aloud / Read Aloud?)

Google Glass

MIT OCW Mirror Site Instructions:

Oculus Rift


Publish to DVD


Send to phone




Free Degrees / Credit[edit]

MIT OCW Audio Video Courses:

Admissions at World University and School:

Conference Method of Teaching and Learning:

The College at World University and School:

Ph.D. Degrees at World University and School:

World University Law School:

World University Medical School:

World University Music School:

WUaS International Baccalaureate Diploma and Programme:
(beginning with United Nations' languages - Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Russian, Spanish)

In Google Earth[edit]

Google Earth.

In Virtual World[edit]

(Search on the word 'lists' here, too:

3D Learn. 2013.

Active Worlds Educational Universe (AWEDU). 2012.

Alice. 2012.

Minecraft. 2012.

Edusim. 2013.

Gifted 2013.

ISTE – SIGMS. 2013.

Kaneva. 2014.

Open Cobalt. 2013.

OpenSim. 2012. (

Open Croquet. 2012. and

Open Wonderland. 2012.

Primary Games. 2013.

Quest Atlantis. 2012. (

SimScience. 2012.

Second Life - Harvard's virtual island. 2012. - and teach, learn and share ideas - in group voice chat, or in group type chat, and via building.

SmallWorlds. 2014. 2014.

Twinity. 2014.

Unity3D. 2012.

WiloStar3D. 2013.

World of Warcraft in School. 2014.

Add a learning-oriented virtual world here:

Travel to this virtual island to learn building:

Item Number[edit]

Global ID and Multiple IDs - see

Bar code


Learning Networking[edit]

Teach and Learn using free Social Networking software to share what courses, etc., you find edifying, what you enjoy learning ....

About Me - World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School - ('This group may be archived').

Good Reads -

Google + Profiles - - Scott MacLeod -

Google + Profiles Company page - - World University and School -

Google Groups' World University and School -


LinkedIn's World University and School -

Quora -

Research Gate -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -

Wer Kennt Wen - World University and School -

World University & School 'subject page' group

World University & School Share This

Yahoo Groups' World University and School:

Linked Open Data[edit]

Linked Open Data, Linked Data for artificial intelligence and machine learning, with a focus on privacy and security.

List of Wikipedias[edit]

List of Wikipedias. 2015. List of Wikipedias. .

RSS Feed[edit]

Save this page for download in the following formats[edit]









TV-Live Broadcasting[edit]

Broadcast to television

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software to the web:

Google + Hangouts -

Justin TV -

Livestream TV -

MIT UnHangouts -

Ustream TV -

Video Communication[edit]

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software

Free video conferencing

iChat -

Skype -

Free, group video conferencing

AnyMeeting -

Google + Hangout - -

Meeting Burner - – up to 15 connection

ooVoo -

Paltalk -

sifonr - free communication -‎

Tokbox | OpenTok - API -

Vyew -

Web Huddle - - - Cloud HD Video Meetings -

Universal Translator at WUaS[edit]

Google Translate language:

Sugar Labs: Translation System language:


Select Translators

Babelxl. 2015. Babelxl: the best translator. .

Babylon Online Translation. 2015. Babylon Online Translation. (Offering hundreds of dictionaries and translation in more than 800 language pairs). . 2015. .

Google Translate. 2015. Google Translate. .

SDL Free Translation. 2015. SDL Free Translation. .

Word Lingo Free Translation Tools. 2015. Word Lingo Free Translation Tools and Machine Translation Products. .

Select Video with Subtitles for Translation 2015. Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified. (Amara makes video globally accessible: Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified).

TED Open Translation Project. 2015. TED Open Translation Project. (See - - and - .

The "Universitian" Newspaper at World University and School[edit]

The "Universitian" Newspaper at WUaS

Wiki Software for Courses[edit]

Media Wiki -

PB Works -

Wet Paint -

Wikia -

Wikispaces -

Wikidata / Bots[edit]

World University and School Licensing[edit]

World University and School - like Wikipedia with Greatest Universities' OpenCourseWare - incorporated as a nonprofit effective April 2010 and is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt, educational organization charity.

World University & School is a community of learners and teachers who value — and are themselves strengthened by — the rich diversity of its participants. In order to cultivate a flourishing teaching, learning and creating conversation in a diverse and complex world, WUaS welcomes all languages, students, families, faculty, board members, and staff with differences based on (but not limited to) race, color, ethnicity, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, family structure, and economic background.

All content on this site is freely available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) - .

Library Resources:
Nation States:
You at World University:
Educational Software:
Hardware Resource Possibilities:
Frequently Asked Questions at World University & School:
World University Foundation:


Volunteers at World University and School:

For questions, or help editing a page, email:

WUaS's listing - .

Please donate through PayPal to tax-exempt - 501 (c) (3) - World University and School at
Thank you!