Internet Studies

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  • Add or take a free, open Internet Studies course.

Select Courses[edit]

  • Add free, open Internet Studies courses below.


Add free, open Internet Studies courses Web Site Organization (if any) Degree / Non-degree Instructor's Name Location Other Info Language Tags
The Anthropology of Cybercultures MIT non-degree Prof. Lucy Suchman Browser Start anytime English Graduate
Cyberpolitics in International Relations: Theory, Methods, Policy MIT non-degree Prof. Nazli Choucri, Prof. Stuart Madnick, Dr. David D. Clark Browser Start anytime English Undergraduate / Graduate
Foundations of American Cyber-Culture UC Berkeley non-degree Instructor Greg Niemeyer Browser Start anytime English
Course's Name http:// non-degree Browser Start anytime English

WUaS Idea- and Academic Resources[edit]


Publish my article in a WUaS academic journal in this subject[edit]

Open Journal Systems. 2012. Open Journal Systems. Public Knowledge Project.

(WUaS's wiki, information technologies and criteria for this - informed by the WUaS academic journal subject matter - are developing, since you can already publish your article at

Select Bibliographies[edit]

Thierer, Adam. 2012. Important Cyberlaw & Info-Tech Policy Books (2012 Edition). December 17.

Select Blogs[edit]

Lewis, Harry. 2011. Bits and Pieces. (I am Gordon McKay Professor of Computer Science, where I have taught since 1974 and for eight years served as Dean of Harvard College). Cambridge, MA:

Palfrey, John. 2011. Weblogs@Harvard after Eight Years. May 6. Cambridge, MA:

van Schewick, Barbara. 2012. BARBARA VAN SCHEWICK'S BLOG. (See, also: Stanford, CA: .

van Schewick, Barbara. 2010. Start-Up Video Company Asks FCC to Improve Open Internet Proposal. December 12. Stanford, CA: Net Architecture.

van Schewick, Barbara. 2010. The FCC’s Open Internet Proposal – Lessons from Silicon Valley . December 13. Stanford, CA: Net Architecture.

Zuckerman, Ethan. 2011. my heart's in accra: Ethan Zuckerman's musings on Africa, international development and hacking the media. Cambridge, MA:

Select Book Groups, Study Groups, Musical Groups, etc.[edit]

Begin a Google + Hangout:


Select Book Reviews[edit]

Coll, Steve. 2011. The Internet: For Better or for Worse. April 7. New York, NY: The New York Review of Books.

Roush, Wade. 2012. Can We Be Too Connected? A Harvard Scholar Explores Interoperability. June 22.

Select Books[edit]

Chander, Anupam. 2013. The Electronic Silk Road: How the Web Binds the World Together in Commerce. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Crawford, Susan. 2013. [Captive Audience: The Telecom Industry and Monopoly Power in the New Gilded Age. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Dutton, William H. 2012. The Oxford Handbook of Internet Studies. (656 pages). Oxford, UK: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management.

Gilbert, Françoise. 2013 (updated). The Global Privacy and Security Law Reference. Aspen Publishing.

Cultural Geography

Saxenian, AnnaLee. 2006. The New Argonauts: Regional Advantage in a Global Economy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Saxenian, AnnaLee. 1994. Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Cultural History

Turner, Fred. 2006. From Counterculture to Cyberculture: Stewart Brand, the Whole Earth Network, and the Rise of Digital Utopianism. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Digital Divide and Internet Ethnography

Norris, Pippa. 2001. Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet Worldwide. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Digital Youth

Bennett, W. Lance (ed.). 2007. Civic Life Online: Learning How Digital Media Can Engage Youth. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Palfrey, John, and Urs Gasser. 2008. Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives. New York, NY: Basic Books.


Anderson, Ben, Malcolm Brynin, Yoel Raban, and Jonathan Gershuny (eds.). 2007. Information and Communications Technologies in Society: E-living in a Digital Europe. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Ethics in Cyberspace

Ploug, Thomas. 2009. Ethics in Cyberspace: How Cyberspace May Influence Interpersonal Interaction. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Netherlands.


Cerwonka, Allaine and Liisa Malkki. 2007. Improvising Theory: Process and Temporality in Ethnographic Fieldwork. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Clifford, James and George E. Marcus (eds.). 1986. Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Ethnographies Relating to the Internet

Postill, John. (forthcoming). Grounding the Internet. Oxford and New York: Berghahn. The book is an ethnography of residential politics in the Kuala Lumpur suburb of Subang Jaya centred on the uses of internet technologies for activism, sociality and local governance.

Film as Ethnography

Crawford, Peter Ian, and David Turton (eds.). 1992. Film As Ethnography. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press.

Free Software Culture

Kelty, Christopher M. 2008. Two Bits: The Cultural Significance of Free Software. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Future of the Internet

Anderson, Janna Quitney. 2005. Imagining the Internet: Personalities, Predictions, Perspectives. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Anderson, Janna Quitney, Lee Rainie and Susannah Fox. 2008. Up for Grabs: The Future of the Internet (Vol. 1). Amherst, NY: Cambria Press.

Anderson, Janna Quitney and Lee Rainie. 2008. Hopes and Fears: The Future of the Internet (Vol. 2). Amherst, NY: Cambria Press.

Anderson, Janna Quitney and Lee Rainie. 2009. Ubiquity, Mobility, Security: The Future of the Internet (Vol. 3). Amherst, NY: Cambria Press.

Zittrain, Jonathan. 2008. The Future of the Internet - And How to Stop It. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Hacker Culture

Himanen, Pekka. 2001. The Hacker Ethic and Spirit of the Information Age. (Prologue by Linus Torvalds; Epilogue by Manuel Castells). New York, NY: Random House.

Thomas, Douglas. 2002. Hacker Culture. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.

History of Computing

Ceruzzi, P. 2003. A History of Modern Computing (2nd ed.). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

History of the Internet

Abbate, Janet. 1999. Inventing the Internet. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press

Berners-Lee, Tim. 2000. Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web. New York, NY: HarperCollins.

Hafner, K. & Lyon, M. 1996. Where Wizards Stay up Late: The Origins of the Internet. New York, NY: Touchstone.

Hauben, Michael and Ronda Hauben. 1997. Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press.

Salus, P. H. 1995. Casting the Net: from ARPANET to Internet and Beyond. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co.

Identity and Internet Ethnography

Turkle, Sherry. 1997. Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

Information Technology and Nonmarket Information Production

Benkler, Yochai. 2007. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Internet and Business

Aspray, William and Paul E. Ceruzzi (eds.). 2008. The Internet and American Business. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Innovation and Open Source vis-à-vis Virtual Ethnography

von Hippel, Eric. 2005. Democratizing Innovation. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

von Hippel, Eric. 1988. The Sources of Innovation. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Language, Linguistics and Virtual Ethnography

Baron, Naomi. 2000. Alphabet to Email: How Written English Evolved and Where It's Heading. New York, NY: Routledge.

Baron, Naomi. 2008. Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Crystal, David. 2002. Language and the Internet. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Danet, Brenda, and Susan C. Herring (eds.). 2007. The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Posteguillo, Santiago. 2003. Netlinguistics: Language, Discourse and Ideology in Internet. Castellón de la Plana, Spain: Universitat Jaume.


Cohen, Julie E. 2012. Configuring the Networked Self: Law, Code, and the Play of Everyday Practice. (Chapter 1 - Introduction: Imagining the Networked Information Society: New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Marsden, Chris. 2011. Internet Co-Regulation: European Law, Regulatory Governance and Legitimacy in Cyberspace. London, UK: Cambridge University Press.


Media Studies

Briggs, Asa, and Peter Burke. 2005 (2002). A Social History of the Media: From Gutenberg to the Internet, 2nd ed. Cambridge, England: Polity Press.

Castells, Manuel. 2009. Communication Power. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Gitlin, Todd. 2003 (1980). The Whole World is Watching: Mass Media in the Making & Unmaking of the New Left, 2nd ed. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Lessig, Lawrence. 2006. Code 2.0. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Lessig, Lawrence. 2005. Free Culture: The Nature and Future of Creativity. New York, NY: Penguin.

Lessig. Lawrence. 2008. Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy. Penguin Press HC.

Levinson, Paul. 1999. Digital McLuhan: A Guide to the Information Millennium. New York, NY: Routledge.

Levinson, Paul. 1998. The Soft Edge: A Natural History and Future of the Information Revolution. New York, NY: Routledge.

McLuhan, Marshall. 1962. The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.

McLuhan, Marshall. 1964. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Thompson, John. 1995. Media and Modernity: A Social Theory of the Media. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Mobile Device Webnography

Castells, Manuel, Mireia Fernandez-Ardevol, Jack Linchuan Qiu, and Araba Sey. 2006. Mobile Communication and Society: A Global Perspective. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press

Vavoula, Giasemi, Norbert Pachler, and Agnes Kukulska-Hulme (eds.). 2009. Researching Mobile Learning: Frameworks, Tools and Research Designs. Oxford, England: Peter Lang.

Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications

Packer, Randall and Jordan, Ken (eds.). 2001. Multimedia: from Wagner to Virtual Reality. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.

Network Society

Castells, Manuel. 2003. The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Castells, Manuel. 2000. The Rise of the Network Society. (Vol. 1 - 2nd ed.). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Castells, Manuel. 2004. The Power of Identity. (Vol. 2 - 2nd ed.). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Castells, Manuel. 2000. The End of Millenium. (Vol. 3 - 2nd ed.). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Rainie, Lee and Barry Wellman. 2012. Networked: The New Social Operating System. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Stalder, Felix. 2006. Manuel Castells: The Theory of the Network Society. Cambridge, England: Polity.

New Media

Jenkins, Henry. 2008. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York, NY: NYU Press.

Lister, Martin. 2003. New Media: A Critical Introduction. New York, NY: Routledge.

Lundby, Knut (ed.). 2009. Mediatization: Concepts, Changes, Consequences. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

Open Source Information Technology

Raymond, Eric. S. 2000. The Cathedral & the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary. (First presented at the Linux Kongress in 1997). O'Reilly Media.

Place, Space, and 'Field' in Virtual Ethnography

Meyrowitz, Joshua. 1985. No Sense of Place: The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Programming Languages and Ethnography

Social Change and Virtual Ethnography

Dutton, William H. 1999. Society on the Line: Information Politics in the Digital Age. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Social Implications of Information Technology

Shirky, Clay. 2008. Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations. New York, NY: Penguin Press.

Social Networking

Ito, Mizuko, Sonja Baumer, Matteo Bittanti, danah boyd, Rachel Cody, Becky Herr, Heather A. Horst, Patricia G. Lange, Dilan Mahendran, Katynka Martinez, C.J. Pascoe, Dan Perkel, Laura Robinson, Christo Sims, and Lisa Tripp. 2008. Hanging Out, Messing Around, Geeking Out: Living and Learning with New Media. E-Book. Researchers at the University of Southern California and UC Berkeley have been conducting ethnographic research on kids' informal learning with digital media since 2005. This is what they found.

Ryan Jenny. 2008. The Virtual Campfire: An Ethnography of Online Social Networking. E-Book. Anthropologist Jenny Ryan explores the increasingly blurred boundaries between human and machine, public and private, voyeurism and exhibitionism, the history of media and our digitized future. Woven throughout are the stories and experiences of those who engage with these sites regularly and ritualistically, the generation of "digital natives" whose tales attest to the often strange and uncomfortable ways online social networking sites have come to be embedded in the everyday lives of American youth.

Social Theory and the Internet

Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Internet and Society: Social Theory in the Information Age. New York, NY: Routledge.

TCP/IP and Ethnography

Television Ethnography

Mankekar, Purnima. 1999. Screening Culture, Viewing Politics: An Ethnography of Television, Womanhood, and Nation in Postcolonial India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Spigel, Lynn. 1992. Make Room for TV: Television and the Family Ideal in Postwar America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

The 'Virtual' vis-à-vis Internet Ethnography

Virtual Archives and Ethnography

Fabian, Johannes. 2008. Ethnography as Commentary: Writing from the Virtual Archive. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Virtual Communities

Rheingold, Howard. 1993. The Virtual Community. Written at the dawn of the cyberculture, The Virtual Community explores the heart of the Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link (more commonly known as the WELL}. Part ethnography, part history, part journalism and part philosophy, Howard Rheingold's engaging seminal work is a must-read for those interested in online communities.

Virtual Ethnography

Boellstorff, Tom. 2008. Coming of Age in Second Life: An Anthropologist Explores the Virtually Human. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Hine. Christine. 2000. Virtual Ethnography. London, England: Sage Publications.

Hine, Christine. 2005. Virtual Methods. Oxford, England: Berg Publishers.

Markham, Annette N. and Nancy K. Baym (eds.). 2009. Internet Inquiry: Conversations About Method. London, England: Sage Publications.

Marshall. Jonathan Paul. 2007. Living on Cybermind: Categories, Communication and Control. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

Miller, Daniel and Don Slater. 2000. The Internet: An Ethnographic Approach. Oxford, England: Berg.

Virtual Ethnography and Globalization, Governmentality and Neo-Liberalism

Arterton, F. Christopher. 1987. Teledemocracy: Can technology protect democracy? Newbury Park, CA and Washington, D.C.: Sage Publications.

Axford, B. and Richard Huggins. 2000. New Media and Politics. London: Sage Publications.

Bimber, Bruce. 2003. Information and American Democracy: Technology in the Evolution of Political Power. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Chadwick, Andrew. 2006. Internet Politics: States, Citizens, and New Communication Technologies. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Chadwick, Andrew and Philip N. Howard. 2008. Routledge Handbook of Internet Politics. London: Routledge.

Coleman, Stephen and Jay G. Blumler. 2009. The Internet and Democratic Citizenship: Theory, Practice, Policy. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Wilhelm, Anthony. 1999. Democracy in the Digital Age: Challenges to Political Life in Cyberspace. London: Routledge.

Virtual Ethnography of the Law

Virtual Worlds

Castronova, Edward. 2006. Synthetic Worlds: The Business and Culture of Online Games. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Fine, Gary Alan. 1983. Shared Fantasy: Role Playing Games As Social Worlds. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Malaby, Thomas M. 2009. Making Virtual Worlds: Linden Lab and Second Life. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Pearce, Celia. 2009. Communities of Play: Emergent Cultures in Multiplayer Games and Virtual Worlds. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.


Hillis, Ken. 2009. Online a Lot of The Time: Ritual, Fetish, Sign. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Select Calendars for Events in this Subject[edit]

Select Call for Papers, Chapters, Submissions, etc.[edit]

Critical Media Sociology Today. 2015. Colaptes: “Critical Media Sociology Today” 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association August 25-28, 2015, Interesting social internet theory conference in Prague later this year, Abstract Submission Deadline: Feb 1. January 26. .

Select Channels[edit]

Select Communities, Email lists, etc.[edit]

Cybertelecom. 2012. Cybertelecom - Federal Internet Law and Policy. (See 'Other Lists').

Tabasky, Rebecca. 2014. Berkman Center Announces 2014-2015 Community. June 14. Cambridge, MA:

(See also editable World University and School's 'You at World University' page:

Select Conference Materials[edit]

Select Conferences, Conferences Online[edit]

Critical Media Sociology Today. 2015. Colaptes: “Critical Media Sociology Today” 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association August 25-28, 2015, Interesting social internet theory conference in Prague later this year, Abstract Submission Deadline: Feb 1. January 26. .

Select Databases[edit]

Journal of Information Technology & Politics Dataverse. 2011. Journal of Information Technology & Politics Dataverse. Cambridge, MA: Journal of Information Technology & Politics Dataverse.

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Select Films[edit]

Select Film Reviews[edit]

Select Forums, Spaces, etc.[edit]

Select Funding Sources[edit]

Select Humor[edit]

Select Idea Competitions / Conversations / Dialogues[edit]

The Future Of The World Wide Web, with Susan Page (interviewer). 2014. The Future Of The World Wide Web. (Jaron Lanier computer scientist, author and musician; Jonathan Zittrain professor of Law, Harvard Law School, Harvard Kennedy School of Government, and co-founder, Berkman Center for Internet & Society; author of "The Future of the Internet: And How to Stop It"; Lee Rainie director, Pew Internet and American Life Project; Vint Cerf vice president and "Chief Internet Evangelist" at Google]. March 12.

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(See also editable World University and School's Library Resources' page:

Select Machinima[edit]

Drax, Bernhard. 2011. Teaching in the Danger Zone. March 19. (A USC Center for Scholarly Technology and Technology Enhanced Learning project uses the virtual world of Second Life to immerse students inside the story they are covering).

draxtordespres. 2011. draxtordespres YouTube Machinaima Channel.

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(See also editable World University and School's Museums' page:

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Select References[edit]

Allen, Matthew. 2011. was Web 2.0? Versions and the politics of Internet history. May 4. Oxford, UK: Oxford Internet Institute.

Andreessen, Marc. 2011. Why Software Is Eating The World. August 20. New York, NY: The Wall Street Journal.

Arthur, Charles. 2012. the internet has no off switch: Briton who launched first web page in 1990 reiterates opposition to extending government control of internet. September 5.

Bajas, Vikas. 2011. India Puts Tight Leash on Internet Free Speech. April 27. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Berners-Lee, Tim. 1998. The World Wide Web: A very short personal history. Cambridge, MA: World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

boyd, danah. 2008. “Facebook’s Privacy Trainwreck: Exposure, Invasion, and Social Convergence”. February 14: 13-20. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies.

Bradner, Scott. 2011. 25 years of communications: From anything-but-IP to all-IP: The Internet has replaced all other types of communications: Where can we go from here?. May 2.

Bradner, Scott. 2011. [ Clarifying the rules for government: Modern technology has had a significant impact on the ability for government to intrude on our lives. Can logic be applied to limits?]. 'Net Insider.

Bradner, Scott. 2011. Lighting the dark: Must you make your application wiretap-able?: Law enforcement is worried about 'going dark,' so does that mean you have to change your products?. Network World.

Bratt, Steve. 2011. [ Measuring the Web: Announcing the Web Index. September 12.

Brett. 2010. Tips for Writing Your First Social Media Policy. February 17. NTEN: The Nonprofit Technology Network

Buchanan, Elizabeth A. and Michael Zimmer. 2012. Internet Research Ethics. Stanford, CA: Stanford University.

Cerf, Vinton G., and Robert E. Kahn. 1974. A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication. Vol Com-22, No 5 May. IEEE Trans on Comms.

Davis, Jeffrey. 2000. Vint Cerf is taking the Web into outer space - reserve your .mars address now.

Chew, Monica, Sid Stamm. 2013. Contextual Identity: Freedom to be All Your Selves. Mozilla.

CmdrTaco. 2011. Countries Ranked In Terms of Internet Freedom. April 25. (,,15021424,00.html).

Cornwell, Reid. 2011. The Art of Hosting Good Conversations Online: By Howard Rheingold. February 28. The Center for Internet Research.

Cornwell, Reid. 2011. The internet: By The Numbers. February 22. The Center for Internet Research.

Digital Life in 2025. 2014. Digital Life in 2025. March. 11. .

Edmundson, Mark. 2012. The Internet Agenda. October 12. Washington, DC: Inside Higher Ed.

François, Camille. 2013. What Is War in the Digital Realm? A Reality Check on the Meaning of “Cyberspace”. November 26.

Freedom on the Net 2011. 2011. Freedom on the Net 2011: A Global Assessment of Internet and Digital Media Freedom. Washington DC: Freedom House.

Gillespie, Tarleton. 2006. Engineering a Principle: 'End-to-End' in the Design of the Internet. 36/3 June:427-457. London, UK: Social Studies of Science.

Harvard University Guidelines on Establishing Remote Locations. 2002. Harvard University Guidelines on Establishing Remote Locations. November 5. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.

Interplanetary Internet. 2014. Interplanetary Internet. . Ito, Mimi. 2013. What Teens Get About the Internet That Parents Don't. March 8. The Atlantic.

Kolakowski, Nick. 2014. Sir Tim Berners-Lee: World Wide Web Needs a ‘Bill of Rights’. March 12.

Kolawole, Emi. 2012. V.A. Shiva Ayyadurai: Inventor of e-mail honored by Smithsonian. Washington, DC: Washington Post.

McCracken, Harry. 2011. Open Yale Courses - The 50 Best Websites of 2011. August 16. Time Magazine.

McKellogg, JulieAnn. 2011. Freedom House: Internet Censorship Circumvention Tools Effective, Lack Security. April 15. Voice of America.

MacKinnon, Rebecca. 2011. Q. & A. with Rebecca MacKinnon: Internet in China. (Posted by Evan Osnos). February 22. New York, NY: The New Yorker.

MacKinnon, Rebecca. 2012. Thought Leader: Rebecca MacKinnon. October 23. New York, NY: Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs.

MacLeod, Scott. 2014. Grasses: What's your 1 sentence explanation of "Internet Research"?, Internet research involves the study of "our societies which are increasingly structured around the bipolar opposition of the Net and the Self" ("Rise of the Network Society" 1996/2000); "the 'Net' denotes the network organizations replacing vertically integrated hierarchies as the dominant form of social organization, (and) the Self denotes the practices a person uses in reaffirming social identity and meaning in a continually changing cultural landscape" (Castells). July 28. Cuttyhunk Island, MA:

Masnick, Mike. 2011. Breaking News: Feds Falsely Censor Popular Blog For Over A Year, Deny All Due Process, Hide All Details.... December 8.

Meckel, Miriam. 2011. Rettet den Zufall! Warum es schädlich ist, wenn die digitalen Medientechniken den Menschen berechenbar machen. (Digitale Pfadfinder erleichtern uns den Weg durch das Informationsdickicht im Internet. Doch dafür zahlen wir einen Preis: Wir werden durchsichtig und berechenbar. Das macht das Leben tödlich langweilig. Die unerwartete Entdeckung eines Buches ist einer jener Momente, die abhanden zu kommen drohen). September 20. NZZ Online.

NETmundial Multistakeholder Statement. 2014. NETmundial Multistakeholder Statement. April 24th. .

Newland, Erica, Caroline Nolan, Cynthia Wong, Jillian York. 2011. Account Deactivation and Content Removal: Guiding Principles and Practices for Companies and Users. September 20. Cambridge, MA:

Netizen Report Team. 2012. Netizen Report: Cyberattack Edition. October 11. Cambridge, MA: .

Nothias, Jean-Christophe. 2014. The New Social Contract for The Internet. December 5. .

O'Brien, Danny. 2011. The 10 Tools of Online Oppressors. May 2. New York, NY: Committee to Protect Journalists.

One size won’t fit all. 2015. One size won’t fit all: Report on future of Internet governance says an array of approaches required. January 15. Cambridge, MA: .

Palfrey, John and Evgeny Morozov. 2011 Internet democracy: This house believes that the internet is not inherently a force for democracy. The Economist.

Pazzanese, Christina. 2014. So, who owns the Internet?: A lawsuit in federal court may decide whether Web access remains open and neutral. January 7. Cambridge, MA: /

Penn Law seminar students take the measure of Internet companies on human rights. 2013. Penn Law seminar students take the measure of Internet companies on human rights. October 09. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania.

phobos. 2011. Real Name Internet versus Reality. July 31. Cambridge, MA:

Postill, John. 2011. Comparing Internet freedom in different national contexts. April 30. Sheffield, UK:

Ren, Larry. 2014. Proof of Stake Velocity: Building the Social Currency of the Digital Age.

Roberts, Hal, Ethan Zuckerman, Rob Faris, Jillian York, John Palfrey. 2011. The Evolving Landscape of Internet Control: A Summary of Our Recent Research and Recommendations. August 18. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law School.

Sharma, Amol. 2011. Digerati See Censorship in New Web Rules - India. May 2. New York, NY: Wall Street Journal.

Smith, Aaron. 2013. Civic Engagement in the Digital Age. Apr 25.

Standage, Tom. 2013. On Romans and their iPads. November 3. London, UK: .

Streitfeld, David. 2011. Pentagon Seeks a Few Good Social Networkers. August 2. New York, NY:

Thomas, Sue. 2011. Famous internet people *not* from North America. March 7. ( Leicester, UK: De Montfort University.

Troumblay, Rex. 2014. Caught in Google’s Net: Privatizing Censorship and Colonizing the Internets. Honolulu, Hawaii:

Tufekci, Zeynep. 2013. The Social Internet: Frustrating, Enriching, but Not Lonely. Duke University Press.

U.S. Seizes 150 Websites in Cyber Monday Counterfeit Crackdown. 2011. U.S. Seizes 150 Websites in Cyber Monday Counterfeit Crackdown. November 28. Fox News.

Ujifusa, Andrew. 2015. Beyond a Spot on the Map: Experts Study How States Can Help Rural Schools. May 18. .

Valpy, Michael. 2011. The return of Marshall McLuhan. July 15. Toronto, ON: Globe and Mail

Wladawsky-Berger, Irving. 2014. What Will Digital Life Be Like in 2025?. July 30.

World Wide Web Index. 2011. World Wide Web Index. September 18.

Zittrain, Jonathan. 2011. Will the U.S. get an Internet “Kill Switch”?. March 4. Cambridge, MA: The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It.

Zittrain, Jonathan. 2011. Freedom and Anonymity: Keeping the Internet Open: Fear of cyberattacks should not lead us to destroy what makes the Internet special. February 24. New York, NY: Scientific American.

Digital Youth

Peterson, Jan. 2011. Today's teenagers hang out in network neighborhoods. August 21. Springfield, MO: News Leader.


Van Vleck, Tom. 2008. The History of Electronic Mail.

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)

Who should run the internet? 2011. Who should run the internet? - A plaything of powerful nations - Internet governance is under attack; it may have to mend its ways to survive. The Economist.

Internet Structure

Scholz, Christian. 2010. Netzneutralität: Wie funktioniert das Internet? Teil 1: Die Struktur. October 25.

Scholz, Christian. 2010. Internetstruktur: Peering und Transit. October 25. -

Scholz, Christian. 2010. Das Internet: Ein Netz von Netzen. October 25. -

Scholz, Christian. 2010. Internetstruktur: 2 Routen. October 25. -

Scholz, Christian. 2010. Internetstruktur: Alternative Route. October 25. -

Scholz, Christian. 2010. Internetstruktur: Routing. October 25. -

Tyson, Jeff. 2010. How Internet Infrastructure Works.

Networked Self

Cohen, Julie E., Chapter 1 - Introduction: Imagining the Networked Information Society (August 24, 2011). Julie E. Cohen, CONFIGURING THE NETWORKED SELF: LAW, CODE, AND THE PLAY OF EVERYDAY PRACTICE, Yale University Press, January 2012; Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 11-121. Available at SSRN:

Pirate Party

Scholz, Christian. 2010. Parteitag Piraten NRW: Nichts beschlossen, aber alle glücklich?. October 25.

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Mechanical Turk Survey. 2015. Mechanical Turk Survey. Mountain View, CA: .

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Select Timelines[edit]

Scaruffi, Piero. 2009. A Timeline of Silicon Valley. Silicon Valley: CA:

Select Twitters[edit]

Select Video and Audio[edit]

Berkman Center 2012 Shared Projects. 2012. Berkman Center 2012 Shared Projects. Cambridge, MA: The Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Chander, Anupam. 2013. The Electronic Silk Road: How the Web Binds the World. October 8. Cambridge, MA: The Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Cheifet, Stewart and John Markoff. 1995. The Internet in 1995. (The Internet in 1995, Posted on Wednesday, March 27th, 2013 at 3:32 pm. PT Written by Jim Dalrymple and Peter Cohen). San Francisco, CA: The Computer Chronicles.

Coleman, Gabriella. 2011. Gabriella Coleman - Geek Politics and Anonymous. April 28. ( Berlin, Germany:

Coleman, Gabriella. 2011. Gabriella Coleman on the world of hackers. July 22. New York, NY: PBS Video.

Crawford, Susan. 2012. Susan Crawford on Captive Audience: The Telecom Industry & Monopoly Power in the New Gilded Age. December 12. Cambridge, MA: The Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Fox, Susannah and Lee Rainie. 2014. The Web at 25 in the U.S.: The overall verdict: The internet has been a plus for society and an especially good thing for individual users. FEBRUARY 27. Washington, DC: Pew Research Internet Project.

Odwazny, JD, Laura. 2014. Conducting Internet Research: Challenges and Strategies for IRBs. (Slides: Washington, DC:

Palfrey, John and Urs Gasser. 2012. Recap & Video from the Launch of "Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly Interconnected Systems". June 06. Cambridge, MA: The Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Rainie, Lee. 2012. Lee Rainie Interview. NZ:

Reagle, Joseph. 2010. Joseph Reagle on Good Faith Collaboration: The Culture of Wikipedia. 18 October. Cambridge, MA: Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society.

Schmidt, Eric. 2013. Eric Schmidt on the New Digital Age. London, England: Intelligence Squared.

Slaughter, Anne-Marie, Eric Schmidt, Rebecca MacKinnon, Sascha Meinrath, Gene Kimmelman. 2013. The New Digital Age. Vision 2020: America and the World.

Swanson MD, Wendy Sue. 2014. Why are patients not finding their doctors online?: Wendy Sue Swanson at TEDxNijmegen 2013. Nijmegen, NL: TEDx.

Vaidhyanathan, Siva. 2011. Berkman Center: Siva Vaidhyanathan on The Googlization of Everything. Charlottesville, VA:

Select Videocasts and Podcasts[edit]

Select Video Conferences[edit]

Select Videocasts, Podcasts, etc.[edit]

National Institute for Health. 2014. Videocasts. Washington, DC:

Select Websites[edit]

Association for Progressive Communications. 2013. APC Internet Rights Charter.

Internet Defense League. 2013. Internet Defense League.

Global Network of Interdisciplinary Internet & Society Research Centers. 2014. Global Network of Interdisciplinary Internet & Society Research Centers]. Germany:

Web Index Key Findings. 2012. Web Index Key Findings.

The World Wide Web Index. 2011. The World Wide Web Index. September 12.

Select Wikidata Queries[edit]

Select Wikis[edit] 2010. Webnographer's Books. 2010. Webnographer's Papers. 2010. Webnographer's Syllabi. 2010. Webnographer's Videos.

WikiBase (

WikiData (

Select Workshops[edit]

Select Writers, Researchers, etc.[edit]

Subject's Social Networking Sites[edit]


Wikimedia Commons[edit]

Wikimedia Commons:









World University and School Links[edit]


Computer Science:

Computing History:



Digital Youth:

Educational Software:

Free Digital Society:


Gaming - Digital:



Information Technology:

Internet of Things:

Internet Studies:


Media Arts and Sciences:

Media Lab at World University and School:

Media Studies:

Network Neutrality:

Network Society:

Networks - Technical:

Open Access Resources:






Social Media:

Social Science:

Society, Technology and Science:,_Technology_and_Science



United Nations:

Virtual Worlds:


Wireless Technologies:

WUaS Broadband Development:

WUaS Navigation[edit]

New WUaS in MediaWiki:

Academic Advising at WUaS[edit]

Academic Press at World University and School[edit]

Academic Press at World University and School:

Access to Live, or Email, University Technical Expertise[edit]

Ask a question in a specific discipline, or find, for example, a Robotics' or Computer programmer, or Translator, easily and freely.

Additional Categories[edit]

Admissions at World University and School[edit]

Admissions' Department:

Flyer seeking degree-oriented, WUaS students: 'Quaker-informed World University & School seeks friendly, undergraduate students for free, online, Greatest Universities-centric, bachelor’s degrees to apply in the autumn of 2013, for matriculation in autumn 2014' - - and accessible here, also - WUaS holds open, electronically-mediated, hour-long, monthly business meeting on the second Saturdays at 9 am Pacific Time, in the manner of Quakers - email if you'd like to participate.

Digital and Print catalog

Assistive Technologies[edit]

WUaS plans to anticipate numerous developing assistive technologies for sight-impaired, hearing-impaired, and similar -

Assistive Technologies:

Blog at World University and School[edit]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at World University and School[edit]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at WUaS:

with educational electronics, as well; with musical instruments; value pricing ... 2% below market, consistently; available via mail and electronically;

Calendar (Schedule what you'd like to teach)[edit]


Join the World University and School Google + Group to add to its wiki-like calendar to teach an open, free class or course, converse about ideas, and jam (e.g. musically or theater improvisation): .


Career counseling:

Finding / creating a job you really love:

WUaS Job hunting:




Geodetic datums such as WGS84 or GPS

Geohash keys

... in a virtual world


Many thanks to each of you!

Please feel free to hyperlink your name to a location of your choice (or tell WUaS where to link to - Please do not hesitate to let WUaS know if you think that somebody (including yourself) has been forgotten, now or in the future; please include a URL, which is, of course, one main way identity created on the internet.

Digital To Do[edit]


Brainwave device / Headset

Broadcast to radio frequencies

Broadcast to TV / television

Create EMail group for page

Digital Text to Audio file format (Browse Aloud / Read Aloud?)

Google Glass

MIT OCW Mirror Site Instructions:

Oculus Rift


Publish to DVD


Send to phone




Free Degrees / Credit[edit]

MIT OCW Audio Video Courses:

Admissions at World University and School:

Conference Method of Teaching and Learning:

The College at World University and School:

Ph.D. Degrees at World University and School:

World University Law School:

World University Medical School:

World University Music School:

WUaS International Baccalaureate Diploma and Programme:
(beginning with United Nations' languages - Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Russian, Spanish)

In Google Earth[edit]

Google Earth.

In Virtual World[edit]

(Search on the word 'lists' here, too:

3D Learn. 2013.

Active Worlds Educational Universe (AWEDU). 2012.

Alice. 2012.

Minecraft. 2012.

Edusim. 2013.

Gifted 2013.

ISTE – SIGMS. 2013.

Kaneva. 2014.

Open Cobalt. 2013.

OpenSim. 2012. (

Open Croquet. 2012. and

Open Wonderland. 2012.

Primary Games. 2013.

Quest Atlantis. 2012. (

SimScience. 2012.

Second Life - Harvard's virtual island. 2012. - and teach, learn and share ideas - in group voice chat, or in group type chat, and via building.

SmallWorlds. 2014. 2014.

Twinity. 2014.

Unity3D. 2012.

WiloStar3D. 2013.

World of Warcraft in School. 2014.

Add a learning-oriented virtual world here:

Travel to this virtual island to learn building:

Item Number[edit]

Global ID and Multiple IDs - see

Bar code


Learning Networking[edit]

Teach and Learn using free Social Networking software to share what courses, etc., you find edifying, what you enjoy learning ....

About Me - World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School - ('This group may be archived').

Good Reads -

Google + Profiles - - Scott MacLeod -

Google + Profiles Company page - - World University and School -

Google Groups' World University and School -


LinkedIn's World University and School -

Quora -

Research Gate -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -

Wer Kennt Wen - World University and School -

World University & School 'subject page' group

World University & School Share This

Yahoo Groups' World University and School:

Linked Open Data[edit]

Linked Open Data, Linked Data for artificial intelligence and machine learning, with a focus on privacy and security.

List of Wikipedias[edit]

List of Wikipedias. 2015. List of Wikipedias. .

RSS Feed[edit]

Save this page for download in the following formats[edit]









TV-Live Broadcasting[edit]

Broadcast to television

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software to the web:

Google + Hangouts -

Justin TV -

Livestream TV -

MIT UnHangouts -

Ustream TV -

Video Communication[edit]

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software

Free video conferencing

iChat -

Skype -

Free, group video conferencing

AnyMeeting -

Google + Hangout - -

Meeting Burner - – up to 15 connection

ooVoo -

Paltalk -

sifonr - free communication -‎

Tokbox | OpenTok - API -

Vyew -

Web Huddle - - - Cloud HD Video Meetings -

Universal Translator at WUaS[edit]

Google Translate language:

Sugar Labs: Translation System language:


Select Translators

Babelxl. 2015. Babelxl: the best translator. .

Babylon Online Translation. 2015. Babylon Online Translation. (Offering hundreds of dictionaries and translation in more than 800 language pairs). . 2015. .

Google Translate. 2015. Google Translate. .

SDL Free Translation. 2015. SDL Free Translation. .

Word Lingo Free Translation Tools. 2015. Word Lingo Free Translation Tools and Machine Translation Products. .

Select Video with Subtitles for Translation 2015. Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified. (Amara makes video globally accessible: Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified).

TED Open Translation Project. 2015. TED Open Translation Project. (See - - and - .

The "Universitian" Newspaper at World University and School[edit]

The "Universitian" Newspaper at WUaS

Wiki Software for Courses[edit]

Media Wiki -

PB Works -

Wet Paint -

Wikia -

Wikispaces -

Wikidata / Bots[edit]

World University and School Licensing[edit]

World University and School - like Wikipedia with Greatest Universities' OpenCourseWare - incorporated as a nonprofit effective April 2010 and is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt, educational organization charity.

World University & School is a community of learners and teachers who value — and are themselves strengthened by — the rich diversity of its participants. In order to cultivate a flourishing teaching, learning and creating conversation in a diverse and complex world, WUaS welcomes all languages, students, families, faculty, board members, and staff with differences based on (but not limited to) race, color, ethnicity, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, family structure, and economic background.

All content on this site is freely available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) - .

Library Resources:
Nation States:
You at World University:
Educational Software:
Hardware Resource Possibilities:
Frequently Asked Questions at World University & School:
World University Foundation:


Volunteers at World University and School:

For questions, or help editing a page, email:

WUaS's listing - .

Please donate through PayPal to tax-exempt - 501 (c) (3) - World University and School at
Thank you!