From World University and School Wiki

World University and School {in a virtual world}

Welcome to World University and School Wiki
which anyone can add to or edit.
The Global, Virtual/Digital, Open, Free, {potentially Degree- and Credit-Granting},
Multilingual University & School
where anyone can teach or take a class or course

  • Add or take a free, open Africa course.

Select Courses[edit]

  • Add free, open Africa courses below.


Add free, open Africa courses Web Site Organization (if any) Degree / Non-degree Instructor's Name Location Other Info Language Tags
AIDS and Poverty in Africa MIT non-degree Raja Bobbili, Dr. Lee Perlman Browser Start anytime English Undergraduate
D-Lab I: Development MIT OCW non-degree Amy J. Smith, Prof. Bishwapriya Sanyal, Victor Grau Serrat Browser Start anytime English Undergraduate, Graduate
Information and Communication Technology in Africa MIT non-degree Raja Bobbili, Prof. Shigeru Miyagawa Browser Start anytime English Undergraduate
Medicine, Religion and Politics in Africa and the African Diaspora MIT non-degree Prof. Erica James Browser Start anytime English Undergraduate
Music of Africa MIT non-degree Prof. Patricia Tang Browser Start anytime English Undergraduate
Targeting the Poor: Local Economic Development in Developing Countries MIT OCW non-degree Prof. Judith Tendler, Karin Brandt, Course Assistant Browser Start anytime English Graduate
Course's Name http:// non-degree Browser Start anytime English
Audio/Video Lectures at MIT OpenCourseWare MIT non-degree Browser WUaS is accrediting for bachelor and Ph.D. degree programs on Audio/Video Lectures at MIT OpenCourseWare. English
MIT OCW MIT non-degree Browser Start anytime English High School, Undergraduate, Graduate
MIT OCW Translated Courses MIT non-degree Browser Start anytime English
Yale OpenYaleCourses Yale non-degree Browser Start anytime English
Course's Name http:// non-degree Browser Start anytime English

WUaS Idea- and Academic Resources[edit]


Fascinating overview of Africa from Google's Chairman Eric Schmidt - Jan 22, 2013 - -

"A Week of Africa

After a week of business meetings in the cities of sub-saharan africa, we can surely say three things are new for the continent:

a) the despotic leadership in Africa from the 1970s and 1980 is in decline, replaced by younger and more democratic leaders b) a huge youth demographic boom is underway, with a majority of the population of 25, or even under 20 c) mobile phones are everywhere, and the Internet in Africa will be primarily a mobile one

Many of the older problems are still severe, including a lack of electric power, the general trend of rural to urban migration, and pervasive corruption. Every country we visited had an internal security problem, or a significant border problem, and the elites are sheltered from this pervasive concern behind guarded walls, hotels and restaurants with gates and security checks, and ubiquitous guards. I try to imagine what the US would be if we had the types of security problems in Africa.. how would WE deal with such threats?

Connectivity is much more important for security than many analysts think. Societies who are not connected lack opposing viewpoints and are much more subject to easy radicalization. The virtue of having more connectivity is that people will have more choices, and more choices lead a better understanding of the value to go to school, the need to treat women equally, the choice to not demonize others, etc.

Nairobi has emerged as a serious tech hub and may become the African leader. A combination of relatively stable politics, the British legal system, and a benign climate seem to attract a significant share of foreign investment. Incubators are hosting potential solutions to many problems, including connecting M-Pesa (their mobile money solution on simple phones using SMS) with payment systems for local stores. If they manage to get through the upcoming March elections without significant conflict, they will grow quickly.

Rwanda is a jewel with a terrible past. High economic growth and the development of a significant middle class is threatened by the withdrawal of aid due to UN complaints over the Congo. Rwanda feels like Singapore, an island inside of Africa whose small size allows great focus and a dynamic, stable government. A visit to the Genocide Museum in Kigali, and a trip to the Volcanic National Park where eight groups of eight can trek to see the gorillas made famous by Diana Fossey, are well worth it. Gorilla treks are also available through Uganda and the Congo, over the same mountains.

After fifty years of war, South Sudan is the worlds newest country. In a country where every issue is an urgent one, mobile networks can unify a poor country with isolated villages, significant flooding in the rainy season, and the constant threat of attacks from rebels from the north. A courageous group, the Satellite Sentinel project. uses satellite data and other sources to document ethnic cleansing in remote areas of Sudan (the northern Sudan) and serve as a record of the terrible ongoing violence against innocents.

Chad is a poor petro-state, with a long history of conflict and one pipeline and one fiber link. Africa has submarine fiber cables on the west and eastern side. Landlocked countries are at the mercy of their neighbors, and all have learned that competition with multiple fiber connections from differing borders dramatically reduces costs. Chad like some others, has determined that future spectrum should not be auctioned as that only increases the eventual mobile costs and are simply allocating it to a set of competitive carriers. Less than 1% of Chad has electricity.

Nigeria, known as a land of oil corruption and the ubiquitous 419 email scams, is the biggest surprise to a first time visitor. Nigerians are entrepreneurial, stylish, educated, and have the belief that their country can emerge as the next Brazil. With 170 million citizens, and a record breaking eleven years of civilian elected government, the compound growth and the shared memory of real internal conflict almost guarantees their short term success. Future growth of Nigeria should help with its international image problem, as the real story of its success gets out.

The emergent model of the African internet is a set of competitive fiber suppliers to the capital, a set of fiber rings owned by local telco's, and 3G and 4G networks. Some of the countries are late with licensing plans for 3G and 4G, a costly delay for countries that have very little residential broadband. Solar charging can help with the power needs of handsets, but the electricity needs to be more reliable or costly backup systems will be built at each tower. Many of these countries have telecommunications as a major contributor to their GPD (Cote d'Ivory is about 12%) and even Somalia, which we did not visit this time, has a profitable competitive telecommunications industry.. the most profitable legal industry in that country. Some countries are reluctant to turn on the data portion of their telecommunications industry, another costly delay to their future digital commerce, education and entertainment industries.

Many Africans will be last, unfortunately, to be connected to the rest of us. For them, the best short term outcome will be feature phones (inexpensive voice and SMS phones) and a private network of microSD cards that can be traded behind oppressive authorities to get information in and out of trapped, occupied and remote locations. Information is power, and more information means more choices. Documenting abuses, getting pressure from outside to fix real problems, and solving illiteracy are just a few functions of even the most limited of feature phones.

The demographic dividend in Africa of young people is their greatest hope, in my opinion. Today high rates of unemployment show an economy underperforming to its true potential. This new generation expects more, and will use mobile computing to get it. Optimism is appropriate for Africa, as the people we met will do much more with less than we can imagine, and the devices and systems built in the first world will be used in the most creative ways in the emerging new world of Africa."

Publish my article in a WUaS academic journal in this subject[edit]

Open Journal Systems. 2012. Open Journal Systems. Public Knowledge Project.

(WUaS's wiki, information technologies and criteria for this - informed by the WUaS academic journal subject matter - are developing, since you can already publish your article at or Research Gate - - or Spire - - for example); See Library Resources below at WUaS for further resources.

Q item in Wikidata[edit]

Select Analytics[edit]

Select Bibliographies[edit]

Select Blogs, Blog Aggregators[edit]

African Arguments Online. 2013. African Arguments Online. (African Arguments Online is a multi-blogging site that covers both contemporary African events as they unfold, and develops debates on themes we believe are centrally important to an ever changing continent).

Select Book Groups, Study Groups, Musical Groups, etc.[edit]

Begin a Google + Hangout:

MIT UnHangouts -


Select Book Reviews[edit]

Select Books[edit]

Add an ISBN.

Select Calendars for Events in this Subject[edit]

Select Call for Papers, Chapters, Submissions, etc.[edit]

Select Case Studies[edit]

Select Channels[edit]

Select Chapters, Book Chapters, etc.[edit]

Select Communities, Email lists, etc.[edit]

(See also editable World University and School's 'You at World University' page:

Select Conference Materials[edit]

Select Conferences, Conferences Online[edit]

Alcayna-Stevens, Lys. 2015. Contemporary Congolese Studies | Congo Research Network. Cambridge, UK: .

Select Conversations / Dialogues / Idea Competitions[edit]

Select Databases[edit]

Select Dictionaries[edit]

Select Encyclopedias[edit]

Select Facts[edit]

Select Films[edit]

Select Film Reviews[edit]

Select Forums, Spaces, etc.[edit]

Select Funding Sources[edit]

Reporting grants for China-Africa stories. 2012. Reporting grants for China-Africa stories: Wits Journalism is offering reporting grants to African journalists interested in unpacking the China-Africa relationship. South Africa:

Google + Hangouts, Group Video, etc.[edit]

Select Humor[edit]

Select Images, Infographics, etc.[edit]

Select Institutes, Centers, Networks of Centers, etc.[edit]

Select Interviews, Question and Answers, Q&As[edit]

Select Journals, Serials, etc.[edit]

Select Labs[edit]

Select Lectures[edit]

Select Letters[edit]

Select Libraries, Archives, Collections, Repositories, etc.[edit]

(See also editable World University and School's Library Resources' page:

Select Maps[edit]

Select Multimedia[edit]

Select Museums[edit]

(See also editable World University and School's Museums' page:

Select Newspapers, News[edit]

Select Office Hours[edit]

Select Papers[edit]

Select Photos, Pictures, etc.[edit]

Select Platforms[edit]

Select Poetry[edit]

Select Programs, Applications, Languages, Software[edit]

Select Questions, Inquiries, Problems, FAQs[edit]

Select Quotes, Quotations, etc.[edit]

Wikidata:Wikiquote. 2014. Wikidata:Wikiquote.

Select RSS Feeds, SMS, etc.[edit]

Select Recordings[edit]

Select References[edit]

Anderson, Mark. 2015. Out of Africa: e-learning makes further education a reality for tens of thousands: As the eLearning Africa conference gets underway in Addis Ababa, there is a growing recognition that online courses can boost further education access. .

Anthropological Quarterly. 2005. West African Warscapes. 78:2 Spring. Washington DC: George Washington University - Institute for Ethnographic Research.

Bah, Abdoulaye, and Rakotomalala (translator). 2014. Can President Obama Change African Dictators’ Ways? Not Likely, Says Chadian Blogger. August 12. Cambridge MA:

Blier, Suzanne. 2004. Butabu West Africa’s Extraordinary Earthen Legacy. (Winter 2003/2004). Cambridge, MA: .

Blodgett, Leslie. 2012. Budding Geothermal Markets Light Up East Africa. Sep 9. Think Progress.

Bryant, John Hope. 2014. Africa: Teaching Us A New Way To Learn!. May 25. Mountain View, CA:

Development through Dialogue, Design and Dissemination. 2009. Development through Dialogue, Design and Dissemination. Cambridge, MA: MIT OCW.

Rakotomalala (Translated by Chris Ensor). 2014. Reducing the Gap Between Africa's Rich and Poor. Cambridge, MA: Global Voices Online.

Following Africa’s Lead conversation. 2012. Following Africa’s Lead: Opportunities and Threats of the Mobile Internet Revolution. October 11. Stanford, CA: Stanford University.

Foster, Chris. 2015. Why haven’t digital platforms transformed firms in developing countries? The Rwandan tourism sector explored. February 10. Oxford, England: .

Hodson, Hal. 2013. Wi-Fi-hopping brings phone signal to remote villages. June 28. New Scientist.

Macha, Ndesanjo. 2015. What Africa Day Means to Africans and Friends of Africa. May 26. Cambridge, MA: .

Powell, Alvin. 2013. Mandela’s legacy: Harvard experts on a giant of the 20th century and the country he changed. December 5.

Reporting grants for China-Africa stories. 2012. Reporting grants for China-Africa stories: Wits Journalism is offering reporting grants to African journalists interested in unpacking the China-Africa relationship. South Africa:

Sengeh, David. 2013. Transforming 'Aid to Africa' into 'Made in Africa'. January 23.

timothy. 2013. How Mobile Operators Are Caught In the Middle In the Middle East and Africa.

Verbelen, Filip. 2012. Herakles Farms and how a US agri-corporation sparked anger in Africa. July 6. San Francisco, CA: Greenpeace International.

Zuckerman, Ethan. 2012. Ethan Zuckerman: 'Africa's hackers are today's world-class tech innovators'. November 26.

Select Reviews[edit]

Select Schools, Universities, etc.[edit]

Select Search Engines[edit]

Select Sheet Music[edit]

Select Simulations, Applets and Visualizations[edit]

Select Slideshows[edit]

Select Social Networking Pages[edit]

Select Societies, Associations, Groups, Networks, etc.[edit]

Select Statistics[edit]

Select Study Guides[edit]

Select Surveys[edit]

Select Surveys[edit]

Select Syllabi[edit]

Select Teachers with Email Addresses/Contact Information[edit]

Select Tests, Exams, etc.[edit]

Select Textbooks[edit]

Select Theses, Dissertations, Papers, etc.[edit]

Select Timelines[edit]

Select Twitters[edit]

Select Updates[edit]

Select Video and Audio[edit]

Boettiger, Sara. 2013. Re-Thinking Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Models for the Poor. (Global Access in Action Project). December 10. Cambridge, MA: .

Contee, Cheryl. 2013. The Innovation Intermission. Cambridge, MA: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Doe, Kelvin. 2012. Self-taught African Teen Wows M.I.T.. Sierra Leone: MIT.

Macha, Ndesanjo. 2015. Tanzanian Schools Will Teach Students in Swahili, Not English. (In Swahili, English). 24 February. Cambridge, MA: .

Ras Iyah V, and Charles Nesson (interviewer). 2015 Justice Ras Iyah V. Cambridge, MA: Charles Nesson Youtube channel.

Shapshak, Toby. 2013. You don't need an app for that. (Subtitles available in 2 languages: English and French). TEDx.

Select Video Conferences[edit]

Select Video with Subtitles for Translation[edit]

Select Videocasts and Podcasts[edit]

Select Websites[edit]

Africa SOMA Inc. 2014. Africa SOMA Volunteer Teaching. Montreal, QC, Canada:!volunteer-teaching/cg7u .

African Virtual University. 2012. African Virtual University. Senegal and Kenya, Africa: .

AgShare. 2013. AgShare. (The aim of the AgShare project is to create a scalable and sustainable method of filling critical gaps in agriculture related curriculum through a redesigned MSc process). Michigan: OER Africa is an initiative of the South African Institute for Distance Education (Saide).

Select Wikidata Queries[edit]

Select Wikis[edit]

WikiBase (

WikiData (

Select Workshops[edit]

Select Writers, Researchers, etc.[edit]

Subject's Social Networking Sites[edit]


Wikimedia Commons[edit]

Wikimedia Commons:









World University and School Links[edit]


African languages:






Central African Republic:


Congo, Democratic Republic of the :

Côte d'Ivoire:

Democratic Republic of the Congo:


English as a Second Language:

English language:


Foreign Policy:

French language:



Igbo language:




Middle East:



One Laptop per Child - XO Laptop - MIT:$100_Laptop_-_MIT


Sierra Leone:


South Africa: Africa

Southeast Asia:

Swahili language:



WUaS Navigation[edit]

New WUaS in MediaWiki:

Academic Advising at WUaS[edit]

Academic Press at World University and School[edit]

Academic Press at World University and School:

Access to Live, or Email, University Technical Expertise[edit]

Ask a question in a specific discipline, or find, for example, a Robotics' or Computer programmer, or Translator, easily and freely.

Additional Categories[edit]

Admissions at World University and School[edit]

Admissions' Department:

Flyer seeking degree-oriented, WUaS students: 'Quaker-informed World University & School seeks friendly, undergraduate students for free, online, Greatest Universities-centric, bachelor’s degrees to apply in the autumn of 2013, for matriculation in autumn 2014' - - and accessible here, also - WUaS holds open, electronically-mediated, hour-long, monthly business meeting on the second Saturdays at 9 am Pacific Time, in the manner of Quakers - email if you'd like to participate.

Digital and Print course catalog[edit]

Digital course catalog

Assistive Technologies[edit]

WUaS plans to anticipate numerous developing assistive technologies for sight-impaired, hearing-impaired, and similar -

Assistive Technologies:

Blog at World University and School[edit]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at World University and School[edit]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at WUaS:

with educational electronics, as well; with musical instruments; value pricing ... 2% below market, consistently; available via mail and electronically;

Calendar (Schedule what you'd like to teach)[edit]


Join the World University and School Google + Group to add to its wiki-like calendar to teach an open, free class or course, converse about ideas, and jam (e.g. musically or theater improvisation): .


Career counseling:

Finding / creating a job you really love:

WUaS Job hunting:




Geodetic datums such as WGS84 or GPS

Geohash keys

... in a virtual world


Many thanks to each of you!

Please feel free to hyperlink your name to a location of your choice (or tell WUaS where to link to - Please do not hesitate to let WUaS know if you think that somebody (including yourself) has been forgotten, now or in the future; please include a URL, which is, of course, one main way identity created on the internet.

Digital To Do[edit]


Brainwave device / Headset

Broadcast to radio frequencies

Broadcast to TV / television

Create EMail group for page

Digital Text to Audio file format (Browse Aloud / Read Aloud?)

Google Glass

MIT OCW Mirror Site Instructions:

Oculus Rift


Publish to DVD


Send to phone




Free Degrees / Credit[edit]

MIT OCW Audio Video Courses:

Admissions at World University and School:

Conference Method of Teaching and Learning:

The College at World University and School:

Ph.D. Degrees at World University and School:

World University Law School:

World University Medical School:

World University Music School:

WUaS International Baccalaureate Diploma and Programme:
(beginning with United Nations' languages - Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Russian, Spanish)

In Google Earth[edit]

Google Earth.

In Virtual World[edit]

(Search on the word 'lists' here, too:

Active Worlds Educational Universe (AWEDU). 2012.

Alice. 2012.

Minecraft. 2012.

Edusim. 2013.

Gifted 2013.

ISTE – SIGMS. 2013.

Kaneva. 2014.

Open Cobalt. 2013.

OpenSim. 2012. (

Open Croquet. 2012. and

Open Wonderland. 2012.

Primary Games. 2013.

Quest Atlantis. 2012. (

Second Life - Harvard's virtual island. 2012. - and teach, learn and share ideas - in group voice chat, or in group type chat, and via building.

SmallWorlds. 2014. 2014.

Twinity. 2014.

Unity3D. 2012.

WiloStar3D. 2013.

World of Warcraft in School. 2014.

Add a learning-oriented virtual world here:

Travel to this virtual island to learn building:

Item Number[edit]

Global ID and Multiple IDs - see

Bar code


Learning Networking[edit]

Teach and Learn using free Social Networking software to share what courses, etc., you find edifying, what you enjoy learning ....

About Me - World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School - ('This group may be archived').

Good Reads -

Google + Profiles - - Scott MacLeod -

Google + Profiles Company page - - World University and School -

Google Groups' World University and School -


LinkedIn's World University and School -

Quora -

Research Gate -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -

Wer Kennt Wen - World University and School -

World University & School 'subject page' group

World University & School Share This

Yahoo Groups' World University and School:

Linked Open Data[edit]

Linked Open Data, Linked Data for artificial intelligence and machine learning, with a focus on privacy and security.

List of Wikipedias[edit]

List of Wikipedias. 2015. List of Wikipedias. .

RSS Feed[edit]

Save this page for download in the following formats[edit]









TV-Live Broadcasting[edit]

Broadcast to television

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software to the web:

Google + Hangouts -

Justin TV -

Livestream TV -

MIT UnHangouts -

Ustream TV -

Video Communication[edit]

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software

Free video conferencing

iChat -

Skype -

Free, group video conferencing

AnyMeeting -

Google + Hangout - -

Meeting Burner - – up to 15 connection

ooVoo -

Paltalk -

sifonr - free communication -‎

Tokbox | OpenTok - API -

Vyew -

Web Huddle - - - Cloud HD Video Meetings -

Universal Translator at WUaS[edit]

Google Translate language:

Sugar Labs: Translation System language:


Select Translators

Babelxl. 2015. Babelxl: the best translator. .

Babylon Online Translation. 2015. Babylon Online Translation. (Offering hundreds of dictionaries and translation in more than 800 language pairs). . 2015. .

Google Translate. 2015. Google Translate. .

SDL Free Translation. 2015. SDL Free Translation. .

Word Lingo Free Translation Tools. 2015. Word Lingo Free Translation Tools and Machine Translation Products. .

Select Video with Subtitles for Translation 2015. Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified. (Amara makes video globally accessible: Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified).

TED Open Translation Project. 2015. TED Open Translation Project. (See - - and - .

The "Universitian" Newspaper at World University and School[edit]

The "Universitian" Newspaper at WUaS

Wiki Software for Courses[edit]

Media Wiki -

PB Works -

Wet Paint -

Wikia -

Wikispaces -

Wikidata / Bots[edit]

World University and School Licensing[edit]

World University and School - like Wikipedia with Greatest Universities' OpenCourseWare - incorporated as a nonprofit effective April 2010 and is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt, educational organization charity.

World University & School is a community of learners and teachers who value — and are themselves strengthened by — the rich diversity of its participants. In order to cultivate a flourishing teaching, learning and creating conversation in a diverse and complex world, WUaS welcomes all languages, students, families, faculty, board members, and staff with differences based on (but not limited to) race, color, ethnicity, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, family structure, and economic background.

All content on this site is freely available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) - .

MIT OCW Creative Commons' licensing and endorsement clarifications

a) MIT is not affiliated with, and does not endorse, World University and School b) MIT does not offer credit to WUaS students, and c) All MIT OpenCourseWare materials are available for free through

Admissions' Department:
Library Resources:
Nation States:
You at World University:
Educational Software:
Hardware Resource Possibilities:
Frequently Asked Questions at World University & School:
World University Foundation:


Volunteers at World University and School:

For questions, or help editing a page, email:

WUaS's listing - .

Please donate through PayPal to tax-exempt - 501 (c) (3) - World University and School at
Thank you!